Next Article in Journal
Synthesizing the Effects of Submarine Groundwater Discharge on Marine Biota
Previous Article in Journal
Phosphorus Distribution in Delta Sediments: A Unique Data Set from Deer Creek Reservoir
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Reconstruction of Water Infiltration Rate Reducibility in Response to Suspended Solid Characteristics Using Singular Spectrum Analysis: An Application to the Caspian Sea Coast of Nur, Iran

1
Department of Geohydraulics and Engineering Hydrology, University of Kassel, Kurt- Wolters St. 3, 34109 Kassel, Germany
2
Department of Hydrology and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Arizona, John W. Harshbarger Bldg.1133 E. James E Rogers Way, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Hydrology 2018, 5(4), 59; https://doi.org/10.3390/hydrology5040059
Received: 16 September 2018 / Revised: 15 October 2018 / Accepted: 15 October 2018 / Published: 19 October 2018
  |  
PDF [5235 KB, uploaded 19 October 2018]
  |  

Abstract

Drawing a distinction between the suspended solid size and concentration impacts on physical clogging process in the Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) systems has been fraught with difficulties. Therefore, the current study was then aimed to statistically investigate and differentiate the impacts of clay-, silt- and sand-sized suspended solids at three concentration levels including 2, 5 and 10 g/L, compared with the clean water (0 g/L), on infiltration rate reducibility. The treatments were compared by virtue of Cohen’s d effect size measure. Furthermore, the competency of Singular Spectrum Analysis (SSA) was evaluated in reconstruction of infiltration rate. Results showed that clay-sized suspended solids were found to be the most important determining factor in physical clogging occurrence. The effect size measure highlighted that a lower concentration level of clay-sized suspended solids, that is, 2 g/L could be more important in trigging the physical clogging than a higher concentration level of silt-sized suspended solids namely 5 g/L. Also, we recognized that concentration level of clay-sized suspended sediments could non-linearly decrease the infiltrability. Also, findings revealed that SSA represented a high level of competency in reconstruction of the infiltration rate under all treatments. Hence, SSA can be quite beneficial to MAR systems for forecasting applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: clogging; managed aquifer recharge; suspended solid size and concentration; singular spectrum analysis; infiltration rate; Iran clogging; managed aquifer recharge; suspended solid size and concentration; singular spectrum analysis; infiltration rate; Iran
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Taie Semiromi, M.; Ghasemian, D. Reconstruction of Water Infiltration Rate Reducibility in Response to Suspended Solid Characteristics Using Singular Spectrum Analysis: An Application to the Caspian Sea Coast of Nur, Iran. Hydrology 2018, 5, 59.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Hydrology EISSN 2306-5338 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top