Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Solar Energy Assisted Membrane Reactor for Hydrogen Production
Previous Article in Journal
Synthesis and Characterization of Reduced Graphene Oxide and Their Application in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
Previous Article in Special Issue
Preliminary Equipment Design for On-Board Hydrogen Production by Steam Reforming in Palladium Membrane Reactors
Article Menu
Issue 1 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview

Water and Wastewater Treatment Systems by Novel Integrated Membrane Distillation (MD)

Department of Chemical Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz 71345, Iran
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ChemEngineering 2019, 3(1), 8; https://doi.org/10.3390/chemengineering3010008
Received: 30 September 2018 / Revised: 16 December 2018 / Accepted: 7 January 2019 / Published: 15 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membrane and Membrane Reactors Operations in Chemical Engineering)
  |  
PDF [5286 KB, uploaded 15 January 2019]
  |  

Abstract

The scarcity of freshwater has been recognized as one of the main challenges people must overcome in the 21st century. The adoption of an environmentally friendly, cost-effective, and energy-efficient membrane distillation (MD) process can mitigate the pollution caused by industrial and domestic wastes. MD is a thermally driven process based on vapor–liquid equilibrium, in which the separation process takes place throughout a microporous hydrophobic membrane. The present paper offers a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art MD technology covering the MD applications in wastewater treatment. In addition, the important and sophisticated recent advances in MD technology from the perspectives of membrane characteristics and preparation, membrane configurations, membrane wetting, fouling, and renewable heat sources have been presented and discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: membrane distillation; wastewater treatment; membrane configuration; fouling renewable heat sources membrane distillation; wastewater treatment; membrane configuration; fouling renewable heat sources
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed
Printed Edition Available!
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Biniaz, P.; Torabi Ardekani, N.; Makarem, M.A.; Rahimpour, M.R. Water and Wastewater Treatment Systems by Novel Integrated Membrane Distillation (MD). ChemEngineering 2019, 3, 8.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
ChemEngineering EISSN 2305-7084 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top