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The Role of Zwitterionic Materials in the Fight against Proteins and Bacteria

1
Departamento de Química en Ciencias Farmacéuticas, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Hospital 12 de Octubre i + 12, Plaza Ramón y Cajal s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2
Center on Bioengineering, Biomaterials and Nanomedicine (CIBER-BBN), 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Medicines 2018, 5(4), 125; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines5040125
Received: 31 October 2018 / Revised: 17 November 2018 / Accepted: 19 November 2018 / Published: 22 November 2018
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Abstract

Zwitterionization of biomaterials has been heightened to a potent tool to develop biocompatible materials that are able to inhibit bacterial and non-specific proteins adhesion. This constitutes a major progress in the biomedical field. This manuscript overviews the main functionalization strategies that have been reported up to date to design and develop these advanced biomaterials. On this regard, the recent research efforts that were dedicated to provide their surface of zwitterionic nature are summarized by classifying biomaterials in two main groups. First, we centre on biomaterials in clinical use, concretely bioceramics, and metallic implants. Finally, we revise emerging nanostructured biomaterials, which are receiving growing attention due to their multifunctionality and versatility mainly in the local drug delivery and bone tissue regeneration scenarios. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomaterials; zwitterionic surfaces; infection; bioceramics; bacterial inhibition biomaterials; zwitterionic surfaces; infection; bioceramics; bacterial inhibition
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Colilla, M.; Izquierdo-Barba, I.; Vallet-Regí, M. The Role of Zwitterionic Materials in the Fight against Proteins and Bacteria. Medicines 2018, 5, 125.

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