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Medicines 2018, 5(3), 96; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines5030096

Protein Targets of Frankincense: A Reverse Docking Analysis of Terpenoids from Boswellia Oleo-Gum Resins

1
Department of Chemistry, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899, USA
2
Aromatic Plant Research Center, 230 N 1200 E, Suite 102, Lehi, UT 84043, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 July 2018 / Revised: 24 August 2018 / Accepted: 28 August 2018 / Published: 31 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biological Potential and Medical Use of Secondary Metabolites)
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Abstract

Background: Frankincense, the oleo-gum resin of Boswellia trees, has been used in traditional medicine since ancient times. Frankincense has been used to treat wounds and skin infections, inflammatory diseases, dementia, and various other conditions. However, in many cases, the biomolecular targets for frankincense components are not well established. Methods: In this work, we have carried out a reverse docking study of Boswellia diterpenoids and triterpenoids with a library of 16034 potential druggable target proteins. Results: Boswellia diterpenoids showed selective docking to acetylcholinesterase, several bacterial target proteins, and HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. Boswellia triterpenoids targeted the cancer-relevant proteins (poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1, tankyrase, and folate receptor β), inflammation-relevant proteins (phospholipase A2, epoxide hydrolase, and fibroblast collagenase), and the diabetes target 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase. Conclusions: The preferential docking of Boswellia terpenoids is consistent with the traditional uses and the established biological activities of frankincense. View Full-Text
Keywords: frankincense; Boswellia; cembranoids; cneorubenoids; boswellic acids; molecular docking frankincense; Boswellia; cembranoids; cneorubenoids; boswellic acids; molecular docking
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Byler, K.G.; Setzer, W.N. Protein Targets of Frankincense: A Reverse Docking Analysis of Terpenoids from Boswellia Oleo-Gum Resins. Medicines 2018, 5, 96.

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