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Medicines 2018, 5(2), 57; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines5020057

Effect of Different Dosages of ST36 Indirect Moxibustion on the Skin Temperature of the Lower Legs and Feet

1
Course of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Department of Health, Faculty of Health Science, Tsukuba University of Technology, Tsukuba 305-0821, Japan
2
Anesthesiology Department of Osaka Medical College Hospital, Osaka 569-8686, Japan
3
Center for Humanities and Sciences, Ibaraki Prefectural University of Health Sciences, Ibaraki 300-0394, Japan
4
Department of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Laboratory of Plant Morphology and Bio-Material Physics, Researcher of Collaborative Industry-Alliance-Government, Tokyo 183-8509, Japan
5
Public Health, Department of Social Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 April 2018 / Revised: 12 June 2018 / Accepted: 13 June 2018 / Published: 15 June 2018
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Abstract

Background: Indirect moxibustion (IM) has been previously performed between the spinous process while recording skin temperature of the trunk. However, moxibustion is often applied not only to acupuncture points on the back, but also to points located on the limbs. Thus, there is a need to investigate skin temperature (ST) responses following IM applied to the limbs. Methods: In Experiment 1 (Exp 1), subjects were randomly assigned to three groups: the left IM stimulation, right IM stimulation and control groups. In Experiment 2 (Exp 2), the subjects underwent two experimental sessions consisting of a single stimulation of IM or triple stimulations of IM. The IM stimulation was administered to the ST36 acupuncture point. A thermograph was used to obtain the ST on the lower limbs. Results: In Exp 1, the ST of the lower limbs increased in the stimulation groups whereas there was no increase in the non-stimulation group. In Exp 2, no significant response occurred between the single and triple stimulation of IM groups for all observed sites except for the left ankle ST. Conclusions: Lower limb ST increased following IM application to the ST36 point. No difference was observed between the dosage of the stimulation and ST responses. View Full-Text
Keywords: moxibustion; thermography; skin temperature; acupuncture points moxibustion; thermography; skin temperature; acupuncture points
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Kuge, H.; Mori, H.; Morisawa, T.; Hanyu, K.; Miyazaki, J.; Watanabe, M.; Tanaka, T.H. Effect of Different Dosages of ST36 Indirect Moxibustion on the Skin Temperature of the Lower Legs and Feet. Medicines 2018, 5, 57.

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