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The Effects of Yin, Yang and Qi in the Skin on Pain

University of Southern California, School of Pharmacy, 1985 Zonal Avenue, Los Angeles, CA, 90089-9121, USA
Academic Editors: Gerhard Litscher and William Chi-shing Cho
Medicines 2016, 3(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines3010005
Received: 30 November 2015 / Revised: 15 January 2016 / Accepted: 26 January 2016 / Published: 29 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Acupuncture – Basic Research and Clinical Application)
The most effective and safe treatment site for pain is in the skin. This chapter discusses the reasons to treat pain in the skin. Pain is sensed in the skin through transient receptor potential cation channels and other receptors. These receptors have endogenous agonists (yang) and antagonists (yin) that help the body control pain. Acupuncture works through modulation of these receptor activities (qi) in the skin; as do moxibustion and liniments. The treatment of pain in the skin has the potential to save many lives and improve pain therapy in most patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: pain; skin; topical; liniment; acupuncture; transient receptor potential cation channels pain; skin; topical; liniment; acupuncture; transient receptor potential cation channels
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MDPI and ACS Style

Adams, J.D. The Effects of Yin, Yang and Qi in the Skin on Pain. Medicines 2016, 3, 5. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines3010005

AMA Style

Adams JD. The Effects of Yin, Yang and Qi in the Skin on Pain. Medicines. 2016; 3(1):5. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines3010005

Chicago/Turabian Style

Adams, James D. 2016. "The Effects of Yin, Yang and Qi in the Skin on Pain" Medicines 3, no. 1: 5. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicines3010005

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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