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Micro-Foundations of Supply Chain Integration: An Activity-Based Analysis

School of Management, University of Michigan Flint, 303 E. Kearsley St, Flint, MI 48502, USA
School of Business, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 D04 V1W8, Ireland
Schulich School of Business, York University, 4700 Keele St, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada
College of Business, Boise State University, 1910 University Drive, Boise, ID 83725, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Logistics 2019, 3(2), 12;
Received: 3 January 2019 / Revised: 11 February 2019 / Accepted: 25 February 2019 / Published: 28 March 2019
PDF [1398 KB, uploaded 28 March 2019]


A large body of literature has studied supply chain integration (SCI) at the macro (firm or dyad) level. However, the micro-foundations of SCI that highlight the range of different activities and choices firms have in implementing integration have not been studied. This paper identifies and analyzes integrative activities or practices that form the micro-units of firm-level SCI. Qualitative analysis yields nine elements of integration that emerge from the large number of integrative practices. In doing so, the paper maps out the structure of the broad SCI construct and discusses the theoretical repercussions of this new approach. New theoretical insights and research directions are identified based on this new micro-level activity-based view of SCI. This paper shifts the focus from where integration is done (customer vs. supplier integration) to what integration entails. SCI has become a very broad construct over time. This paper is a significant and systematic step in unraveling the structure of this broad conceptual domain. It improves nascent ideas about the multiple dimensions of integration by identifying elements based on a comprehensive list of different integrative activities that firms undertake. View Full-Text
Keywords: supply chain integration; supply chain relationship management; theory development supply chain integration; supply chain relationship management; theory development

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Ahmed, M.U.; Pagell, M.; Kristal, M.M.; Gattiker, T.F. Micro-Foundations of Supply Chain Integration: An Activity-Based Analysis. Logistics 2019, 3, 12.

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