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Open AccessArticle

The Impact of Plant-Based Coatings in “ROCHA” Pear Preservation during Cold Storage: A Metabolomic Approach

1
LAQV-REQUIMTE, Department of Chemistry, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
2
CICECO, Department of Chemistry, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
3
Escola Superior de Biotecnologia, CBQF-Centro de Biotecnologia e Química Fina–Laboratório Associado, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Rua de Diogo Botelho, 1327, 4169-005 Porto, Portugal
4
Cooperativa Agrícola dos Fruticultores do Cadaval, CRL (COOPVAL), EN 115, Km 26 2550-108 Cadaval, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2020, 9(9), 1299; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9091299
Received: 3 August 2020 / Revised: 7 September 2020 / Accepted: 9 September 2020 / Published: 15 September 2020
Although new storage technologies have been emerging in recent years, preservation of pear (Pyrus communis L.) remains a challenge for suppliers. Maintenance of desired organoleptic properties throughout cold storage using non-chemical strategies has been investigated and the use of edible coatings has shown potential to delay fruit quality deterioration during cold storage. Thus, the objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of pectin coatings including plant extracts, in “Rocha” pear (Pyrus communis L. cv. Rocha) preservation. A four-month pilot scale assay was performed in both dynamic controlled atmosphere (DCA) (−0.5 °C, 0.5% O2, and 0.4% CO2) and normal atmospheric (NA) conditions (2 °C). For each storage condition, the following three coatings were tested: pectin (3% w/v) (PCT), pectin (3% w/v) + strawberry tree leaves extract (9.5 mg/mL) (CT1), and pectin (3% w/v) + apple pomace extract (16 mg/mL) (CT2). Volatile compounds, potentially related to aroma or ripening status of “Rocha” pear, were monitored alongside with conjugated trienols (CTs) and maturity parameters. The combination of DCA conditions and the application of pectin coatings were able to reduce the release of Rocha pear volatiles associated with ripening status, (particularly esters and sesquiterpenes), as well as reduce CTs, which could contribute to the preservation of Rocha pear for longer periods. View Full-Text
Keywords: “Rocha” pear; cold storage; plant-based coatings; GC×GC-ToFMS; conjugated trienols “Rocha” pear; cold storage; plant-based coatings; GC×GC-ToFMS; conjugated trienols
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fonseca, A.M.A.; Dias, C.; Amaro, A.L.; Isidoro, N.; Pintado, M.; Silvestre, A.J.D.; Rocha, S.M. The Impact of Plant-Based Coatings in “ROCHA” Pear Preservation during Cold Storage: A Metabolomic Approach. Foods 2020, 9, 1299. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9091299

AMA Style

Fonseca AMA, Dias C, Amaro AL, Isidoro N, Pintado M, Silvestre AJD, Rocha SM. The Impact of Plant-Based Coatings in “ROCHA” Pear Preservation during Cold Storage: A Metabolomic Approach. Foods. 2020; 9(9):1299. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9091299

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fonseca, Alexandre M.A.; Dias, Cindy; Amaro, Ana L.; Isidoro, Nélson; Pintado, Manuela; Silvestre, Armando J.D.; Rocha, Sílvia M. 2020. "The Impact of Plant-Based Coatings in “ROCHA” Pear Preservation during Cold Storage: A Metabolomic Approach" Foods 9, no. 9: 1299. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9091299

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