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Exploitation of Agro-Industrial Waste as Potential Source of Bioactive Compounds for Aquaculture

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Cátedras CONACYT-Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, A.C. (Food and Development Research Center), Unidad Mazatlán. Av. Sábalo Cerritos S/N, Mazatlán 82112, Sinaloa, Mexico
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Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, A.C. (Food and Development Research Center), Unidad Mazatlán. Av. Sábalo Cerritos S/N, Mazatlán 82112, Sinaloa, Mexico
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2020, 9(7), 843; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9070843
Received: 26 May 2020 / Revised: 16 June 2020 / Accepted: 18 June 2020 / Published: 28 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recovery of High Value-Added Compounds from Food By-Product)
The agroindustry generates a large amount of waste. In postharvest, food losses can reach up to 50%. This waste represents a source of contamination of soil, air, and bodies of water. This represents a problem for the environment as well as for public health. However, this waste is an important source of bioactive compounds, such as phenolic compounds, terpenes, and β-glucans, among others. Several biological activities have been attributed to these compounds; for example, antioxidant, antimicrobial, gut microbiota, and immune system modulators. These properties have been associated with improvements in health. Recently, the approach of using these bioactive compounds as food additives for aquaculture have been addressed, where it is sought that organisms, in addition to growing, preserve their health and become disease resistant. The exploitation of agro-industrial waste as a source of bioactive compounds for aquaculture has a triple objective—to provide added value to production chains, reduce pollution, and improve the well-being of organisms through nutrition. However, to make use of the waste, it is necessary to revalue them, mainly by determining their biological effects in aquaculture organisms. The composition of bioactive compounds of agro-industrial wastes, their biological properties, and their application in aquaculture will be addressed here. View Full-Text
Keywords: food by-products; biological activities; phenolic compounds; antioxidant; immunostimulants; prebiotics; fish food by-products; biological activities; phenolic compounds; antioxidant; immunostimulants; prebiotics; fish
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Leyva-López, N.; Lizárraga-Velázquez, C.E.; Hernández, C.; Sánchez-Gutiérrez, E.Y. Exploitation of Agro-Industrial Waste as Potential Source of Bioactive Compounds for Aquaculture. Foods 2020, 9, 843.

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