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Review

Social Capital Contributions to Food Security: A Comprehensive Literature Review

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Doctoral School of Management and Business Administration, Szent Istvan University, 2100 Godollo, Hungary
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Department of Food Economics, Faculty of Food Science, Szent Istvan University, Villanyi str. 29-43, 1118 Budapest, Hungary
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Future Technology Research Center, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Douliou, Yunlin 64002, Taiwan
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Faculty of Civil Engineering, Technische Universität Dresden, 01069 Dresden, Germany
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Thuringian Institute of Sustainability and Climate Protection, 07743 Jena, Germany
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School of Economics and Business, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, 1430 Ås, Norway
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John von Neumann Faculty of Informatics, Obuda University, 1034 Budapest, Hungary
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School of the Built Environment, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford OX3 0BP, UK
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Department of Public Management and Information Technology, National University of Public Services, 1083 Budapest, Hungary
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2020, 9(11), 1650; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9111650
Received: 10 October 2020 / Revised: 30 October 2020 / Accepted: 10 November 2020 / Published: 12 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Food Security and Sustainability)
Social capital creates a synergy that benefits all members of a community. This review examines how social capital contributes to the food security of communities. A systematic literature review, based on Prisma, is designed to provide a state of the art review on capacity social capital in this realm. The output of this method led to finding 39 related articles. Studying these articles illustrates that social capital improves food security through two mechanisms of knowledge sharing and product sharing (i.e., sharing food products). It reveals that social capital through improving the food security pillars (i.e., food availability, food accessibility, food utilization, and food system stability) affects food security. In other words, the interaction among the community members results in sharing food products and information among community members, which facilitates food availability and access to food. There are many shreds of evidence in the literature that sharing food and food products among the community member decreases household food security and provides healthy nutrition to vulnerable families, and improves the food utilization pillar of food security. It is also disclosed that belonging to the social networks increases the community members’ resilience and decreases the community’s vulnerability that subsequently strengthens the stability of a food system. This study contributes to the common literature on food security and social capital by providing a conceptual model based on the literature. In addition to researchers, policymakers can use this study’s findings to provide solutions to address food insecurity problems. View Full-Text
Keywords: social capital; food security; hunger; knowledge sharing; social network; sustainable development; big data; state of the art; survey; literature review social capital; food security; hunger; knowledge sharing; social network; sustainable development; big data; state of the art; survey; literature review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nosratabadi, S.; Khazami, N.; Abdallah, M.B.; Lackner, Z.; S. Band, S.; Mosavi, A.; Mako, C. Social Capital Contributions to Food Security: A Comprehensive Literature Review. Foods 2020, 9, 1650. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9111650

AMA Style

Nosratabadi S, Khazami N, Abdallah MB, Lackner Z, S. Band S, Mosavi A, Mako C. Social Capital Contributions to Food Security: A Comprehensive Literature Review. Foods. 2020; 9(11):1650. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9111650

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nosratabadi, Saeed; Khazami, Nesrine; Abdallah, Marwa B.; Lackner, Zoltan; S. Band, Shahab; Mosavi, Amir; Mako, Csaba. 2020. "Social Capital Contributions to Food Security: A Comprehensive Literature Review" Foods 9, no. 11: 1650. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9111650

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