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Open AccessArticle

Attracting Green Consumers as a Basis for Creating Sustainable Marketing Strategy on the Organic Market—Relevance for Sustainable Agriculture Business Development

1
Faculty of Economics, University of Montenegro, 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro
2
Faculty of Management, Comenius University in Bratislava, 82005 Bratislava, Slovakia
3
Faculty of Economics and Engineering Management, University Business Academy, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2020, 9(11), 1552; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9111552
Received: 11 October 2020 / Revised: 23 October 2020 / Accepted: 23 October 2020 / Published: 27 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food Choice and Consumer Psychology)
The aim of this paper was to analyze the main factors that affect green consumers’ choice regarding the purchase of organic agriculture products. The data collected through a survey of 559 green consumers were analyzed using explanatory factor analysis, the Relative Importance Index, and logistic regression. The results point out eleven main factors related to the offerings on the organic agriculture market that predominantly drive green consumers’ purchasing decisions. The Relative Importance Index identified health benefits that stem from a specific way of production as the main purchasing motive. This was also confirmed by the results of logistic regression, which showed that a respondent who buys organic agricultural products on a daily basis is approximately 71.5% less likely to disagree with the claim that organic products are healthier than non-organic, compared to a consumer who purchases organic products several times a week or month. However, as these benefits cannot be empirically confirmed, green consumers look for official labels on the product packaging. In order to assure the product quality, more than half of them find out very important information about producers: whether they have a product quality certificate (69.5%), how many years they are engaged in production (56.2%), and whether they have specific product packaging (54.9%). The Relative Importance Index also revealed that the main purchasing barriers that consumers face are scarce offerings and an insufficient development of the distribution channel, which were ranked in first and second place. The price as a barrier is of less importance. About 30.8% of the respondents are willing to pay up to 20% higher prices for organic food compared to conventional food, while 39.4% of them would pay even up to 40% higher prices. Based on the given results, there are clear suggestions for creating a sustainable marketing strategy for organic agriculture products as the main prerequisite for an increase of healthy food choices and fostering the future development of organic agriculture businesses at the local and global levels. View Full-Text
Keywords: food choice; organic production; green consumers; agriculture business; sustainable consumption food choice; organic production; green consumers; agriculture business; sustainable consumption
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MDPI and ACS Style

Melović, B.; Cirović, D.; Backovic-Vulić, T.; Dudić, B.; Gubiniova, K. Attracting Green Consumers as a Basis for Creating Sustainable Marketing Strategy on the Organic Market—Relevance for Sustainable Agriculture Business Development. Foods 2020, 9, 1552. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9111552

AMA Style

Melović B, Cirović D, Backovic-Vulić T, Dudić B, Gubiniova K. Attracting Green Consumers as a Basis for Creating Sustainable Marketing Strategy on the Organic Market—Relevance for Sustainable Agriculture Business Development. Foods. 2020; 9(11):1552. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9111552

Chicago/Turabian Style

Melović, Boban; Cirović, Dragana; Backovic-Vulić, Tamara; Dudić, Branislav; Gubiniova, Katarina. 2020. "Attracting Green Consumers as a Basis for Creating Sustainable Marketing Strategy on the Organic Market—Relevance for Sustainable Agriculture Business Development" Foods 9, no. 11: 1552. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9111552

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