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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Dynamic Changes in Post-Ingestive Sensations after Consumption of a Breakfast Meal High in Protein or Carbohydrate

Department of Food Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, Aarhus University, Kirstinebjergvej 10, DK-5792 Aarslev, Denmark
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Foods 2019, 8(9), 413; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods8090413
Received: 20 August 2019 / Revised: 8 September 2019 / Accepted: 9 September 2019 / Published: 14 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Consumer Preferences and Acceptance of Food Products)
The obesity epidemic urges exploration of several parameters that play an important role in our eating behaviours. Post-ingestive sensations can provide a more comprehensive picture of the eating experience than mere satiety measurements. This study aimed to (1) quantify the dynamics of different post-ingestive sensations after food intake and (2) study the effect of protein and carbohydrate on hedonic and post-ingestive responses. Forty-eight participants (mean age 20.4) were served a breakfast meal high in protein (HighPRO) or high in carbohydrate (HighCHO) on two separate days using a randomised controlled crossover design. Post-ingestive sensations were measured every 30 min, for 3 h post intake using visual analogue scale (VAS). Results showed a significant main effect of time for all post-ingestive sensations. HighCHO induced higher hedonic responses compared to HighPRO, as well as higher ratings for post-ingestive sensations such as Satisfaction, Food joy, Overall wellbeing and Fullness. HighPRO, on the other hand, induced higher ratings for Sweet desire post intake. The development of sensations after a meal might be important for consumers’ following food choices and for extra calorie intake. More detailed knowledge in this area could elucidate aspects of overeating and obesity. View Full-Text
Keywords: post-ingestive sensation; appetite; satiety; consumer; protein; carbohydrate; breakfast post-ingestive sensation; appetite; satiety; consumer; protein; carbohydrate; breakfast
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Duerlund, M.; Vad Andersen, B.; Victor Byrne, D. Dynamic Changes in Post-Ingestive Sensations after Consumption of a Breakfast Meal High in Protein or Carbohydrate. Foods 2019, 8, 413.

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