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Open AccessArticle

Taste Sensitivity Is Associated with Food Consumption Behavior but not with Recalled Pleasantness

1
Functional Foods Forum, University of Turku, Turku 20014, Finland
2
Monell Chemical Senses Center, 3500 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2019, 8(10), 444; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods8100444
Received: 20 August 2019 / Revised: 19 September 2019 / Accepted: 25 September 2019 / Published: 27 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sensory and Consumer Sciences)
As taste perception varies between individuals, it might be important in explaining food consumption behavior. Previous studies have focused on sensitivity to the bitter tastant PROP (6-n-propylthiouracil) concerning eating with little attention paid to other tastants. For the first time, connections between food consumption behavior, pleasantness, and taste sensitivity are studied with five taste modalities. Sensitivity to bitterness, sourness, umami, saltiness, and sweetness as well as an overall taste sensitivity score was determined with intensity evaluation for 199 Finnish adults. Recalled pleasantness and food consumption behavior were enquired with online questionnaires. Consumption concerned intake of vegetables, fruits, and berries; use-frequency of specific foods; and tendency to mask or modify tastes of foods. All modality-specific taste sensitivities were related to some consumption behavior but none to recalled pleasantness. A higher taste sensitivity score indicated avoidance of coffee, lower consumption of pungent foods, and a more frequent habit of adding ketchup to a meal. In conclusion, it may be more informative to study the influence of taste sensitivity on food consumption behavior with taste modalities separately rather than with a general indicator of taste sensitivity. Additionally, these results highlight the importance of studying actual behavior toward food and not just liking. View Full-Text
Keywords: taste sensitivity; behavior; food; perception; consumption; pleasantness taste sensitivity; behavior; food; perception; consumption; pleasantness
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Puputti, S.; Hoppu, U.; Sandell, M. Taste Sensitivity Is Associated with Food Consumption Behavior but not with Recalled Pleasantness. Foods 2019, 8, 444.

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