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Open AccessArticle

Overview of Foodborne Disease Outbreaks in Brazil from 2000 to 2018

1
Food Research Center (FoRC-CEPID), Sao Paulo 05508-080, Brazil
2
Department of Food and Experimental Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo 05508-080, Brazil
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Department of Nutrition in Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo 01246-904, Brazil
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Ceara State University, Fortaleza 60741-000, Brazil
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Department of Agri-food Industry, Food and Nutrition, Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture, University of Sao Paulo, Piracicaba 13418-900, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, 50 Blossom Street, 340 Their Research Building, Boston, MA 02114, USA.
Foods 2019, 8(10), 434; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods8100434
Received: 13 August 2019 / Revised: 16 September 2019 / Accepted: 19 September 2019 / Published: 23 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Food Microbiology)
This study aimed to assess the foodborne diseases (FBD) outbreaks reported in Brazil between 2000 and 2018, based on data from the Brazilian Ministry of Health (official data) and from scientific literature. According to official data, 13,163 FBD outbreaks were reported in the country during this period, involving 247,570 cases and 195 deaths. The largest prevalence of FBD outbreaks was observed in the Southeast region of Brazil (45.6%). In most outbreaks it was not possible to determine the food implicated (45.9%) but among those identified, water was the most frequently associated (12.0%). The etiological agent was not identified in most outbreaks (38.0%), while Salmonella (14.4%) was the most frequently reported among those identified. Homes were the main site of FBD occurrence (12.5%). Regarding data obtained from the scientific literature, 57 articles dealing with FBD in the country throughout the same period were selected and analyzed. Based on these articles, mixed foods were the most prevalent in the outbreaks (31.6%), Salmonella spp. was the pathogen most frequently reported (22.8%) and homes were also the main site of FBD occurrence (45.6%). Despite under-notification, the records of FBD outbreaks that have occurred in Brazil in the past recent years show alarming data, requiring attention from health authorities. The notification of outbreaks is essential to facilitate public health actions. View Full-Text
Keywords: epidemiological survey; foodborne illnesses; food contamination; food safety; public health epidemiological survey; foodborne illnesses; food contamination; food safety; public health
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Finger, J.A.F.F.; Baroni, W.S.G.V.; Maffei, D.F.; Bastos, D.H.M.; Pinto, U.M. Overview of Foodborne Disease Outbreaks in Brazil from 2000 to 2018. Foods 2019, 8, 434.

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