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Article

In Vitro Potential of Clary Sage and Coriander Essential Oils as Crop Protection and Post-Harvest Decay Control Products

1
Unit of Environmental Chemistry and Interaction on the Living (UCEIV), University of the Littoral Opal Coast (ULCO), UR 4492, SFR Condorcet FR CNRS 3417, 50 Rue Ferdinand Buisson, 62228 Calais, France
2
Laboratory of Biotechnology Applied to Agriculture, National Agricultural Research Institute of Tunisia (INRAT), University of Carthage, Rue Hedi Karray, El Menzah, Tunis 1004, Tunisia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Evaristo Ballesteros, Lisa Pilkington and Siew-Young Quek
Foods 2022, 11(3), 312; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11030312
Received: 14 December 2021 / Revised: 10 January 2022 / Accepted: 20 January 2022 / Published: 24 January 2022
Owing to their various application fields and biological properties, natural products and essential oils (EO) in particular are nowadays attracting more attention as alternative methods to control plant pathogens and pests, weeds, and for post-harvest applications. Additionally, to overcome EO stability issues and low persistence of effects, EO encapsulation in β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) could represent a promising avenue. Thus, in this work, the EO distilled from two aromatic plants (Salvia sclarea L. and Coriandrum sativum L.) have been evaluated in vitro for their antifungal, herbicidal and insecticidal activities, against major plant pathogens and pests of agronomical importance. Both plants were grown on unpolluted and trace-element-polluted soils, so as to investigate the effect of the soil pollution on the EO compositions and biological effects. These EO are rich in oxygenated monoterpenes (clary sage and coriander seeds EO), or aliphatic aldehydes (coriander aerial parts EO), and were unaltered by the soil pollution. The tested EO successfully inhibited the growth of two phytopathogenic fungi, Zymoseptoria tritici and Fusarium culmorum, displaying IC50 ranging from 0.46 to 2.08 g L−1, while also exerting anti-germinative, herbicidal, repellent and fumigant effects. However, no improvement of the EO biological effects was observed in the presence of β-CD, under these in vitro experimental conditions. Among the tested EO, the one from aerial parts of coriander displayed the most significant antifungal and herbicidal effects, while the three of them exerted valuable broad-range insecticidal effects. As a whole, these findings suggest that EO produced on polluted areas can be of great interest to the agricultural area, given their faithful chemical compositions and valuable biological effects. View Full-Text
Keywords: essential oils; aromatic plants; antifungal; anti-germinative; herbicidal; insecticidal essential oils; aromatic plants; antifungal; anti-germinative; herbicidal; insecticidal
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MDPI and ACS Style

Raveau, R.; Fontaine, J.; Soltani, A.; Mediouni Ben Jemâa, J.; Laruelle, F.; Lounès-Hadj Sahraoui, A. In Vitro Potential of Clary Sage and Coriander Essential Oils as Crop Protection and Post-Harvest Decay Control Products. Foods 2022, 11, 312. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11030312

AMA Style

Raveau R, Fontaine J, Soltani A, Mediouni Ben Jemâa J, Laruelle F, Lounès-Hadj Sahraoui A. In Vitro Potential of Clary Sage and Coriander Essential Oils as Crop Protection and Post-Harvest Decay Control Products. Foods. 2022; 11(3):312. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11030312

Chicago/Turabian Style

Raveau, Robin, Joël Fontaine, Abir Soltani, Jouda Mediouni Ben Jemâa, Frédéric Laruelle, and Anissa Lounès-Hadj Sahraoui. 2022. "In Vitro Potential of Clary Sage and Coriander Essential Oils as Crop Protection and Post-Harvest Decay Control Products" Foods 11, no. 3: 312. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11030312

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