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Article

Export Competitiveness of Agri-Food Sector during the EU Integration Process: Evidence from the Western Balkans

1
Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, Faculty of Economics in Subotica, University of Novi Sad, 24000 Subotica, Serbia
2
Department of Agricultural Markets, Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO), 06120 Halle (Saale), Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Theodoros Varzakas
Foods 2022, 11(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11010010
Received: 9 November 2021 / Revised: 30 November 2021 / Accepted: 15 December 2021 / Published: 21 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food Consumption and Sustainable Agri-Food Chains)
Trade agreements with the European Union (EU) and Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA) significantly influenced the liberalisation of agri-food products in Western Balkan (WB) countries. In all Western Balkan countries, there has been an intensification of the trade of agri-food products and a partial change in the regional and commodity structures of trade. This paper aims to identify comparative advantages of agri-food sectors and consider its tendencies during the EU integration process. Additionally, this paper will discuss some opportunities for improvement of the export positions of agri-food products. In that context and based on the literature review, the indexes of revealed comparative advantages and its modified version will be used as a main method for analysis in this research. Results showed that all Western Balkan countries, except Albania, have comparative advantages in exporting agri-food products. It is evident that Serbia has the highest level of comparative advantages in this sector. Moreover, this paper suggests that all countries should aim to provide the best possible positions for their agri-food products during pre-accession negotiations for EU membership and take the necessary steps towards increasing the level of competitiveness in the common EU market. View Full-Text
Keywords: agri-food; competitiveness; European Union; Western Balkans agri-food; competitiveness; European Union; Western Balkans
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MDPI and ACS Style

Matkovski, B.; Zekić, S.; Đokić, D.; Jurjević, Ž.; Đurić, I. Export Competitiveness of Agri-Food Sector during the EU Integration Process: Evidence from the Western Balkans. Foods 2022, 11, 10. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11010010

AMA Style

Matkovski B, Zekić S, Đokić D, Jurjević Ž, Đurić I. Export Competitiveness of Agri-Food Sector during the EU Integration Process: Evidence from the Western Balkans. Foods. 2022; 11(1):10. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11010010

Chicago/Turabian Style

Matkovski, Bojan, Stanislav Zekić, Danilo Đokić, Žana Jurjević, and Ivan Đurić. 2022. "Export Competitiveness of Agri-Food Sector during the EU Integration Process: Evidence from the Western Balkans" Foods 11, no. 1: 10. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11010010

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