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Article

The Price of Homemade Street Food in Central Asia and Eastern Europe: Is There a Relation with Its Nutritional Value?

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EPIUnit—Instituto de Saúde Pública, Universidade do Porto, 4050-600 Porto, Portugal
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Laboratório para a Investigação Integrativa e Translacional em Saúde Populacional (ITR), 4050-600 Porto, Portugal
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Faculdade de Ciências da Nutrição e Alimentação da Universidade do Porto, 4150-180 Porto, Portugal
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Division of Noncommunicable Diseases and Life-Course, World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
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LAQV/REQUIMTE, Laboratório de Bromatologia e Hidrologia, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade do Porto, 4050-313 Porto, Portugal
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Departamento de Ciências da Saúde Pública e Forenses e Educação Médica, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade do Porto, 4200-319 Porto, Portugal
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Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo 254, Mozambique
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Centro de Investigação em Atividade Física, Saúde e Lazer, Universidade do Porto, 4200-450 Porto, Portugal
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WHO Regional Office for Europe, 10675 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Theodoros Varzakas
Foods 2021, 10(9), 1985; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10091985
Received: 29 June 2021 / Revised: 7 August 2021 / Accepted: 17 August 2021 / Published: 25 August 2021
The aim was to describe the price of homemade street foods in four cities of Central Asia and Eastern Europe and to analyze its association with energy density, macronutrients, sodium and potassium contents. Cross-sectional evaluations of street food vending sites were conducted in Dushanbe, Tajikistan (n = 562), Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan (n = 384), Almaty, Kazakhstan (n = 236) and Chișinău, Moldova (n = 89) in 2016–2017. Information on the homemade street foods available, including price, was systematically collected; the most commonly available foods (n = 64) were sampled for chemical analysis. Prices were converted to international dollars ($) and expressed as $/serving, $/100 g and $/100 kcal. The median street food price was $1.00/serving, $0.85/100 g and $0.33/100 kcal. Traditional foods were cheaper per 100 g than the westernized ($0.77 vs. $1.00, p = 0.011). For each unit increase in energy density (kcal/g), the homemade street foods were $0.12 cheaper per 100 kcal and $0.11 more expensive per 100 g. The carbohydrate content was negatively associated with price per 100 kcal, while total fat, monounsaturated, saturated and trans-fatty acids content were positively associated with price per 100 g. Energy-dense homemade street foods were the cheapest. Further insight on food preparation might clarify the association between carbohydrates and monounsaturated fatty acids content and street food price. View Full-Text
Keywords: Central Asia; Eastern Europe; food price; nutritional value; ready prepared foods; street food Central Asia; Eastern Europe; food price; nutritional value; ready prepared foods; street food
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MDPI and ACS Style

Albuquerque, G.; Sousa, S.; Gelormini, M.; Lança de Morais, I.; Casal, S.; Pinho, O.; Damasceno, A.; Moreira, P.; Breda, J.; Lunet, N.; Padrão, P. The Price of Homemade Street Food in Central Asia and Eastern Europe: Is There a Relation with Its Nutritional Value? Foods 2021, 10, 1985. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10091985

AMA Style

Albuquerque G, Sousa S, Gelormini M, Lança de Morais I, Casal S, Pinho O, Damasceno A, Moreira P, Breda J, Lunet N, Padrão P. The Price of Homemade Street Food in Central Asia and Eastern Europe: Is There a Relation with Its Nutritional Value? Foods. 2021; 10(9):1985. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10091985

Chicago/Turabian Style

Albuquerque, Gabriela, Sofia Sousa, Marcello Gelormini, Inês Lança de Morais, Susana Casal, Olívia Pinho, Albertino Damasceno, Pedro Moreira, João Breda, Nuno Lunet, and Patrícia Padrão. 2021. "The Price of Homemade Street Food in Central Asia and Eastern Europe: Is There a Relation with Its Nutritional Value?" Foods 10, no. 9: 1985. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10091985

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