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Article

Codesign of Food System and Circular Economy Approaches for the Development of Livestock Feeds from Insect Larvae

1
Sustainable Manufacturing Systems Centre, Cranfield University, Cranfield MK43 0AL, UK
2
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 3JD, UK
3
Faculty of Business and Law, The University of the West of England, Bristol BS16 1QY, UK
4
National Centre for Food Manufacturing, University of Lincoln, Holbeach PE12 7PT, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrea Gomez-Zavaglia
Foods 2021, 10(8), 1701; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10081701
Received: 16 June 2021 / Revised: 8 July 2021 / Accepted: 17 July 2021 / Published: 22 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Food Systems)
Processes that utilise low-value wastes and convert them to high-value food ingredients systemically add value across commercial operations. Current common disposal options include use as animal feed, anaerobic digestion, composting, incineration, and the worst-case options of landfill and wastewater disposal. The pressure is acute with food manufacturers needing to align with the UN Sustainable Development Goals and reach targets of zero waste to landfill. This research identifies black soldier fly larvae as a bioreactor that converts most food waste into high-value feed materials. Production of larvae and the regulatory framework for their use as animal feed is being assessed in several nations. The requirement to understand the availability of feedstocks for larvae production and the capability to establish feedstock supply chains was tested in this study using geographical information system and life cycle assessment methodologies, providing new research insights for resource utilisation in a circular economy. View Full-Text
Keywords: black soldier fly larvae; circular economy; food waste; poultry; aquaculture; waste valorisation black soldier fly larvae; circular economy; food waste; poultry; aquaculture; waste valorisation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jagtap, S.; Garcia-Garcia, G.; Duong, L.; Swainson, M.; Martindale, W. Codesign of Food System and Circular Economy Approaches for the Development of Livestock Feeds from Insect Larvae. Foods 2021, 10, 1701. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10081701

AMA Style

Jagtap S, Garcia-Garcia G, Duong L, Swainson M, Martindale W. Codesign of Food System and Circular Economy Approaches for the Development of Livestock Feeds from Insect Larvae. Foods. 2021; 10(8):1701. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10081701

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jagtap, Sandeep, Guillermo Garcia-Garcia, Linh Duong, Mark Swainson, and Wayne Martindale. 2021. "Codesign of Food System and Circular Economy Approaches for the Development of Livestock Feeds from Insect Larvae" Foods 10, no. 8: 1701. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10081701

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