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Article

Edible Far Eastern Ferns as a Dietary Source of Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids

1
Amur Branch, Botanical Garden-Institute of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Blagoveshchensk, 675000 Amur Oblast, Russia
2
National Scientific Center of Marine Biology of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 690024 Vladivostok, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Susana Casal
Foods 2021, 10(6), 1220; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10061220
Received: 21 April 2021 / Revised: 24 May 2021 / Accepted: 25 May 2021 / Published: 28 May 2021
Young fronds of ferns are consumed as a vegetable in many countries. The aim of this study was to analyze three fern species that are available for sale in the Russian Far East as dietary sources in terms of fatty acids that are important for human physiology: arachidonic acid (20:4n-6, ARA), eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3, EPA) and other valuable long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. The content of ARA and EPA was 5.5 and 0.5 mg/g dry weight, respectively, in Pteridium aquilinum, 4.1 and 1.1 in Matteuccia struthiopteris, and 2.2 and 0.8 in Osmundastrum asiaticum. Salted fronds of P. aquilinum contained less these fatty acids than the raw fronds, with a decrease of up to 49% for ARA and 65% for EPA. These losses were less pronounced or even insignificant in dried fronds. Cooked ferns preserved significant portions of the long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids: cooked P. aquilinum contained 4.4 mg/g dry weight ARA and 0.3 mg/g dry weight EPA. The ferns may provide a supplemental dietary source of these valuable long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially for vegetarian diets. View Full-Text
Keywords: Matteuccia struthiopteris; Osmundastrum asiaticum; Pteridium aquilinum; ostrich fern; bracken fern; long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids; arachidonic acid; eicosapentaenoic acid Matteuccia struthiopteris; Osmundastrum asiaticum; Pteridium aquilinum; ostrich fern; bracken fern; long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids; arachidonic acid; eicosapentaenoic acid
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nekrasov, E.V.; Svetashev, V.I. Edible Far Eastern Ferns as a Dietary Source of Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids. Foods 2021, 10, 1220. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10061220

AMA Style

Nekrasov EV, Svetashev VI. Edible Far Eastern Ferns as a Dietary Source of Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids. Foods. 2021; 10(6):1220. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10061220

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nekrasov, Eduard V.; Svetashev, Vasily I. 2021. "Edible Far Eastern Ferns as a Dietary Source of Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids" Foods 10, no. 6: 1220. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10061220

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