Wild Foods: A Topic for Food Pre-History and History or a Crucial Component of Future Sustainable and Just Food Systems?
- Traditional knowledge and practices linked to wild foods are rapidly changing and are nowadays severely endangered by globalization processes, even in the most remote areas of the globe;
- Wild foods represent a complex and fascinating part of local bio–cultural and food heritage, with projections in terms of identity, values, and ecological and cultural meanings which go well beyond the food domain;
- A remarkable resurgence of interest in the procurement, processing, and consumption of wild foods is to be observed in some contexts, mainly promoted by the interest communities have in “natural”, local, and healthy foods;
- A substantial need for more systematic strategies of the bio–nutritional–pharmacological evaluation of these ingredients, as well as of their socio–economic valorization processes, is addressed by the scientific community.
- Cross-cultural comparisons focusing on different ethnic/linguistic/religious groups, in order to foster both ecological and social sustainability, so as to valorize those portions of the biocultural food heritage that are environmentally practicable in a time of global warming, as well as those specifically held by marginalized groups; and to frame all this within rural development policies devoted to shaping germane perspectives for threatened peripheral communities and environments;
- Temporal comparisons employing both ethnographic and historical analysis, with particular attention paid to the issue of the mobility of goods and people (e.g., “newcomers” and migrant communities), in order to provide more inspiring instruments for realizing peaceful social co-existence;
- Social media and its role in new “alphabetization processes” in foraging, hunting, and fishing, i.e., the contemporary foraging-euphoria and new sustainable gastronomies;
- Sensory and cognitive analysis on cultural perceptions and preferences of wild foods, in order to see how “old” and new consumer behaviors can contribute to the valorization of wild foods;
- Studies on the socio–economic valorization processes of wild foods, i.e., investigating the ambiguous nature of their commodification that can sometimes lead, in different contexts, to over-harvesting and may in some cases even threaten the continuation of their use.
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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Pieroni, A. Wild Foods: A Topic for Food Pre-History and History or a Crucial Component of Future Sustainable and Just Food Systems? Foods 2021, 10, 827. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10040827
Pieroni A. Wild Foods: A Topic for Food Pre-History and History or a Crucial Component of Future Sustainable and Just Food Systems? Foods. 2021; 10(4):827. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10040827Chicago/Turabian Style
Pieroni, Andrea. 2021. "Wild Foods: A Topic for Food Pre-History and History or a Crucial Component of Future Sustainable and Just Food Systems?" Foods 10, no. 4: 827. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10040827