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Case Report

Superficial Temporal Artery Perforator Flap: Indications, Surgical Outcomes, and Donor Site Morbidity

1
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit, Multidisciplinary Department of Medical-Surgical and Dental Specialities, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, 80138 Naples, Italy
2
Plastic Surgery Unit, Multidisciplinary Department of Medical and Dental Specialties, AOU University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, 80138 Naples, Italy
3
Head and Neck Department, Maxillo-Facial Surgery Division, University Hospital of Parma, 43126 Parma, Italy
4
Maxillofacial Surgery Unit, Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, University of Naples “Federico II”, 80138 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Dent. J. 2020, 8(4), 117; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj8040117
Received: 12 August 2020 / Revised: 23 September 2020 / Accepted: 9 October 2020 / Published: 12 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oral Cancer: Diagnosis and Treatment)
The aim of this retrospective case series was to discuss indications, surgical outcomes, and donor site morbidity in the use of superficial temporal artery perforator (STAP) flaps in intra-oral or extra-oral facial reconstruction. This study involved 9 patients treated with a STAP flap at the Maxillo-Facial Surgery Unit of the University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Naples. A STAP flap was used alone or in combination with other local flaps, for the coverage of facial soft tissue defects, after the resection of craniofacial malignant tumors (n = 7) or as a salvage flap, in partial or total microvascular flap loss (n = 2). The STAP flap was proven to be a valuable surgical option despite it not being frequently used in facial soft tissue reconstruction nor was it chosen as the first surgical option in patients under 70 year’s old. Donor site morbidity is one of the major reasons why this flap is uncommon. Appropriate patient selection, surgical plan, and post-surgical touch-ups should be performed in order to reduce donor site scar morbidity. View Full-Text
Keywords: superficial temporal artery island flap; intraoral defect; free flap combination; reconstructive surgical procedures; donor site morbidity superficial temporal artery island flap; intraoral defect; free flap combination; reconstructive surgical procedures; donor site morbidity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rauso, R.; Nicoletti, G.F.; Sesenna, E.; Lo Faro, C.; Chirico, F.; Fragola, R.; Lo Giudice, G.; Tartaro, G. Superficial Temporal Artery Perforator Flap: Indications, Surgical Outcomes, and Donor Site Morbidity. Dent. J. 2020, 8, 117. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj8040117

AMA Style

Rauso R, Nicoletti GF, Sesenna E, Lo Faro C, Chirico F, Fragola R, Lo Giudice G, Tartaro G. Superficial Temporal Artery Perforator Flap: Indications, Surgical Outcomes, and Donor Site Morbidity. Dentistry Journal. 2020; 8(4):117. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj8040117

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rauso, Raffaele, Giovanni F. Nicoletti, Enrico Sesenna, Carmelo Lo Faro, Fabrizio Chirico, Romolo Fragola, Giorgio Lo Giudice, and Gianpaolo Tartaro. 2020. "Superficial Temporal Artery Perforator Flap: Indications, Surgical Outcomes, and Donor Site Morbidity" Dentistry Journal 8, no. 4: 117. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj8040117

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