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Review

The Effects of Physical Exercise on Saliva Composition: A Comprehensive Review

1
Department of Operative Dentistry, University of Athens, 11527 Athens, Greece
2
Private Practice, 11527 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Takashi Muramatsu
Dent. J. 2022, 10(1), 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/dj10010007
Received: 8 November 2021 / Revised: 26 December 2021 / Accepted: 30 December 2021 / Published: 5 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oral Health and Athletes)
Saliva consists of organic and inorganic constituents. During exercise, analysis of the saliva can provide valuable information regarding training stress, adaptation and exercise performance. The objective of the present article was to review the effect of physical exercise on saliva composition. The shift in the composition of the saliva, during and after a workout, reflects the benefits of exercise, its potential risks and the capability of the saliva to serve as a health indicator. The type and the frequency of training, the physical condition and the athletes’ general health influence the hormones, immunoglobulins and saliva enzymes. The correlation between saliva and physical exercise has to be further investigated and the available knowledge to be applied for the benefit of the athletes during sports activities. View Full-Text
Keywords: oral health; saliva; sports dentistry; physical exercise; sports medicine oral health; saliva; sports dentistry; physical exercise; sports medicine
MDPI and ACS Style

Ntovas, P.; Loumprinis, N.; Maniatakos, P.; Margaritidi, L.; Rahiotis, C. The Effects of Physical Exercise on Saliva Composition: A Comprehensive Review. Dent. J. 2022, 10, 7. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj10010007

AMA Style

Ntovas P, Loumprinis N, Maniatakos P, Margaritidi L, Rahiotis C. The Effects of Physical Exercise on Saliva Composition: A Comprehensive Review. Dentistry Journal. 2022; 10(1):7. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj10010007

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ntovas, Panagiotis, Nikolaos Loumprinis, Panagiotis Maniatakos, Loukia Margaritidi, and Christos Rahiotis. 2022. "The Effects of Physical Exercise on Saliva Composition: A Comprehensive Review" Dentistry Journal 10, no. 1: 7. https://doi.org/10.3390/dj10010007

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