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Iron Sulfide Materials: Catalysts for Electrochemical Hydrogen Evolution

Department of Chemistry, Durham University, Lower Mount Joy, South Rd, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
Inorganics 2019, 7(6), 75; https://doi.org/10.3390/inorganics7060075
Received: 25 May 2019 / Revised: 13 June 2019 / Accepted: 14 June 2019 / Published: 19 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Inorganic Materials for Solar Energy Conversion)
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Abstract

The chemical challenge of economically splitting water into molecular hydrogen and oxygen requires continuous development of more efficient, less-toxic, and cheaper catalyst materials. This review article highlights the potential of iron sulfide-based nanomaterials as electrocatalysts for water-splitting and predominantly as catalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Besides new synthetic techniques leading to phase-pure iron sulfide nano objects and thin-films, the article reviews three new material classes: (a) FeS2-TiO2 hybrid structures; (b) iron sulfide-2D carbon support composites; and (c) metal-doped (e.g., cobalt and nickel) iron sulfide materials. In recent years, immense progress has been made in the development of these materials, which exhibit enormous potential as hydrogen evolution catalysts and may represent a genuine alternative to more traditional, noble metal-based catalysts. First developments in this comparably new research area are summarized in this article and discussed together with theoretical studies on hydrogen evolution reactions involving iron sulfide electrocatalysts. View Full-Text
Keywords: iron sulfide; nanomaterials; electrocatalysts; hydrogen evolution; water-splitting iron sulfide; nanomaterials; electrocatalysts; hydrogen evolution; water-splitting
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Heift, D. Iron Sulfide Materials: Catalysts for Electrochemical Hydrogen Evolution. Inorganics 2019, 7, 75.

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