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Article

Identification of Abnormal Proteins in Plasma from Gout Patients by LC-MS/MS

1
NHC Key Laboratory of Hormones and Development, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Metabolic Diseases, Chu Hsien-I Memorial Hospital & Tianjin Institute of Endocrinology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300134, China
2
The Province and Ministry Co-Sponsored Collaborative Innovation Center for Medical Epigenetics, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Medical Epigenetics, Key Laboratory of Immune Microenvironment and Disease (Ministry of Education), Tianjin Key Laboratory of Cellular Homeostasis and Diseases, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300070, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Victoria Samanidou
Separations 2021, 8(6), 85; https://doi.org/10.3390/separations8060085
Received: 11 May 2021 / Revised: 4 June 2021 / Accepted: 6 June 2021 / Published: 16 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection State of the Art in Separation Science)
A high level of uric acid may cause hyperuricemia, which further develops into gout, eventually leading to chronic kidney disease. However, the pathogenic mechanism remains largely unknown. To investigate the cause and block the transformation of hyperuricemia to related diseases, it is important to discover the alterations in protein levels between gout patients and non-gout individuals. To date, human blood plasma is still the predominant matrices for clinical analysis. Due to the high abundance, the proteins of plasma samples have strong shielding effects on low abundance proteins, thus, the information on low abundance protein expression is always masked, while the low abundance proteins of human plasma are often of great significance for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Therefore, it is very important to separate and analyze the plasma proteins. High-performance liquid chromatography (LC) tandem mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics has been developed as a powerful tool to investigate changes in the human plasma proteome. Here, we used LC-MS/MS to detect the differential proteins in the plasmas from simple gout patients, gout with kidney damage patients, and non-gout individuals. We identified 32 obviously differential proteins between non-gout and gout subjects and 10 differential proteins between simple gout and gout with kidney damage patients. These differential proteins were further analyzed to characterize their localization and functions. Additionally, the correlation analysis showed multiple relationships between the abnormal plasma proteins and clinical biochemical indexes, particularly for the immune-inflammatory response proteins. Furthermore, inflammation factors gelsolin (GSN) were confirmed. Our results offer a view of plasma proteins for studying biomarkers of gout patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: proteomics; high-performance liquid chromatography; mass spectrometry; gout; uric acid proteomics; high-performance liquid chromatography; mass spectrometry; gout; uric acid
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shen, L.; Dong, H.; Guo, Z.; Zhai, G.; Zhang, K. Identification of Abnormal Proteins in Plasma from Gout Patients by LC-MS/MS. Separations 2021, 8, 85. https://doi.org/10.3390/separations8060085

AMA Style

Shen L, Dong H, Guo Z, Zhai G, Zhang K. Identification of Abnormal Proteins in Plasma from Gout Patients by LC-MS/MS. Separations. 2021; 8(6):85. https://doi.org/10.3390/separations8060085

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shen, Lijin, Hanyang Dong, Zhenchang Guo, Guijin Zhai, and Kai Zhang. 2021. "Identification of Abnormal Proteins in Plasma from Gout Patients by LC-MS/MS" Separations 8, no. 6: 85. https://doi.org/10.3390/separations8060085

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