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Gateway of Landfilled Plastic Waste Towards Circular Economy in Europe

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Department of Biology and Environmental Science, Linnaeus University, SE-39231 Kalmar, Sweden
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Chair of Rural Building and Water Management, Estonian University of Life Sciences, F. R. Kreutzwaldi 5, 51006 Tartu, Estonia
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Department of Environmental Science, University of Latvia, LV-1004 Riga, Latvia
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Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Latvia, LV-1004 Riga, Latvia
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Department of Environmental Engineering and Water Management, Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, LV-2001 Jelgava, Latvia
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Department of Chemical Technologies, Akaki Tsereteli State University, Kutaisi 4600, Georgia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Separations 2019, 6(2), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/separations6020025
Received: 12 February 2019 / Revised: 12 March 2019 / Accepted: 22 April 2019 / Published: 7 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Investigation New Technology for Separation of Plastic Wastes)
For decades, significant work has been conducted regarding plastic waste by dealing with rejected materials in waste masses through their accumulation, sorting and recycling. Important political and technical challenges are involved, especially with respect to landfilled waste. Plastic is popular and, notwithstanding decrease policies, it will remain a material widely used in most economic sectors. However, questions of plastic waste recycling in the contemporary world cannot be solved without knowing the material, which can be achieved by careful sampling, analysis and quantification. Plastic is heterogeneous, but usually all plastic waste is jointly handled for recycling and incineration. Separation before processing waste through the analytical approach must be applied. Modern landfill mining and site clean-up projects in contemporary waste management systems require comprehensive material studies ranging from the macro-characterization of waste masses to a more detailed analysis of hazardous constituents and properties from an energy calorific standpoint—where, among other methods, thermogravimetric research coupled with life cycle assessment (LCA) and economic assessment is highly welcomed. View Full-Text
Keywords: circular economy; landfill mining; Plasticene; plastic waste; sorting; thermogravimetry circular economy; landfill mining; Plasticene; plastic waste; sorting; thermogravimetry
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Burlakovs, J.; Kriipsalu, M.; Porshnov, D.; Jani, Y.; Ozols, V.; Pehme, K.-M.; Rudovica, V.; Grinfelde, I.; Pilecka, J.; Vincevica-Gaile, Z.; Turkadze, T.; Hogland, W.; Klavins, M. Gateway of Landfilled Plastic Waste Towards Circular Economy in Europe. Separations 2019, 6, 25.

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