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Review

Computational Fluid Dynamics Modelling of Liquid–Solid Slurry Flows in Pipelines: State-of-the-Art and Future Perspectives

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, 20133 Milano, Italy
2
Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 1H9, Canada
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The Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Hydrodynamics, Pod Pat’ankou 30/5, 166 12 Prague, Czech Republic
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Department of Engineering, Federal University of Catalão, Catalão 75704-020, Brazil
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Department of Chemical Engineering, CIEPQPF, University of Coimbra, 3030-790 Coimbra, Portugal
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School of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Uberlândia, Uberlândia 38400-902, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Blaž Likozar
Processes 2021, 9(9), 1566; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9091566
Received: 26 July 2021 / Revised: 27 August 2021 / Accepted: 28 August 2021 / Published: 1 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Settling Suspensions Flow Modelling and Simulation Process)
Slurry pipe transport has directed the efforts of researchers for decades, not only for the practical impact of this problem, but also for the challenges in understanding and modelling the complex phenomena involved. The increase in computer power and the diffusion of multipurpose codes based on Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) have opened up the opportunity to gather information on slurry pipe flows at the local level, in contrast with the traditional approaches of simplified theoretical modelling which are mainly based on a macroscopic description of the flow. This review paper discusses the potential of CFD for simulating slurry pipe flows. A comprehensive description of the modelling methods will be presented, followed by an overview of significant publications on the topic. However, the main focus will be the assessment of the potential and the challenges of the CFD approach, underlying the essential interplay between CFD simulations and experiments, discussing the main sources of uncertainty of CFD models, and evaluating existing models based on their interpretative or predictive capacity. This work aims at providing a solid ground for students, academics, and professional engineers dealing with slurry pipe transport, but it will also provide a methodological approach that goes beyond the specific application. View Full-Text
Keywords: slurry pipe flows; computational fluid dynamics; Eulerian–Lagrangian model; Eulerian–Eulerian model; two-fluid model; mixture model; slurry erosion; state-of-the-art slurry pipe flows; computational fluid dynamics; Eulerian–Lagrangian model; Eulerian–Eulerian model; two-fluid model; mixture model; slurry erosion; state-of-the-art
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MDPI and ACS Style

Messa, G.V.; Yang, Q.; Adedeji, O.E.; Chára, Z.; Duarte, C.A.R.; Matoušek, V.; Rasteiro, M.G.; Sanders, R.S.; Silva, R.C.; de Souza, F.J. Computational Fluid Dynamics Modelling of Liquid–Solid Slurry Flows in Pipelines: State-of-the-Art and Future Perspectives. Processes 2021, 9, 1566. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9091566

AMA Style

Messa GV, Yang Q, Adedeji OE, Chára Z, Duarte CAR, Matoušek V, Rasteiro MG, Sanders RS, Silva RC, de Souza FJ. Computational Fluid Dynamics Modelling of Liquid–Solid Slurry Flows in Pipelines: State-of-the-Art and Future Perspectives. Processes. 2021; 9(9):1566. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9091566

Chicago/Turabian Style

Messa, Gianandrea V., Qi Yang, Oluwaseun E. Adedeji, Zdeněk Chára, Carlos A.R. Duarte, Václav Matoušek, Maria G. Rasteiro, R. S. Sanders, Rui C. Silva, and Francisco J. de Souza. 2021. "Computational Fluid Dynamics Modelling of Liquid–Solid Slurry Flows in Pipelines: State-of-the-Art and Future Perspectives" Processes 9, no. 9: 1566. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9091566

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