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Achievements and Trends in Biocatalytic Synthesis of Specialty Polymers from Biomass-Derived Monomers Using Lipases

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Faculty of Industrial Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, Department of Applied Chemistry and Engineering of Organic and Natural Compounds, University Politehnica Timisoara, 300001 Timisoara, Romania
2
Research Institute for Renewable Energy, 300501 Timisoara, Romania
3
Department of Biobased Products, Wageningen Food & Biobased Research, 6708 WG Wageningen, The Netherlands
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonio Moreno
Processes 2021, 9(4), 646; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9040646
Received: 18 March 2021 / Revised: 4 April 2021 / Accepted: 6 April 2021 / Published: 7 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Enzymatic Synthesis and Characterization of Polymers)
New technologies for the conversion of biomass into high-value chemicals, including polymers and plastics, is a must and a challenge. The development of green processes in the last decade involved a continuous increase of the interest towards the synthesis of polymers using in vitro biocatalysis. Among the remarkable diversity of new bio-based polymeric products meeting the criteria of sustainability, biocompatibility, and eco-friendliness, a wide range of polyesters with shorter chain length were obtained and characterized, targeting biomedical and cosmetic applications. In this review, selected examples of such specialty polymers are presented, highlighting the recent developments concerning the use of lipases, mostly in immobilized form, for the green synthesis of ε-caprolactone co-polymers, polyesters with itaconate or furan units, estolides, and polyesteramides. The significant process parameters influencing the average molecular weights and other characteristics are discussed, revealing the advantages and limitations of biocatalytic processes for the synthesis of these bio-based polymers. View Full-Text
Keywords: bio-based polymers; polyesters; polyesteramides; ε-caprolactone; hydroxy acids; estolides; furan-based monomers; lipase; green chemistry bio-based polymers; polyesters; polyesteramides; ε-caprolactone; hydroxy acids; estolides; furan-based monomers; lipase; green chemistry
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MDPI and ACS Style

Todea, A.; Dreavă, D.M.; Benea, I.C.; Bîtcan, I.; Peter, F.; Boeriu, C.G. Achievements and Trends in Biocatalytic Synthesis of Specialty Polymers from Biomass-Derived Monomers Using Lipases. Processes 2021, 9, 646. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9040646

AMA Style

Todea A, Dreavă DM, Benea IC, Bîtcan I, Peter F, Boeriu CG. Achievements and Trends in Biocatalytic Synthesis of Specialty Polymers from Biomass-Derived Monomers Using Lipases. Processes. 2021; 9(4):646. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9040646

Chicago/Turabian Style

Todea, Anamaria; Dreavă, Diana M.; Benea, Ioana C.; Bîtcan, Ioan; Peter, Francisc; Boeriu, Carmen G. 2021. "Achievements and Trends in Biocatalytic Synthesis of Specialty Polymers from Biomass-Derived Monomers Using Lipases" Processes 9, no. 4: 646. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9040646

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