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Review

Evolution of Nitrogen-Based Alkylating Anticancer Agents

1
Oncopeptides AB, Västra Trädgårdsgatan 15, SE-111 53 Stockholm, Sweden
2
Red Glead Discovery AB, Scheeletorget 1, 223 63 Lund, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Zdenek Kejik and Michal Masarik
Processes 2021, 9(2), 377; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9020377
Received: 20 January 2021 / Revised: 10 February 2021 / Accepted: 12 February 2021 / Published: 19 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Anticancer Agents)
Despite the significant progress in anticancer drug development over recent years, there is a vital need for newer agents with unique, but still effective, mechanisms of action in order to treat the disease, particularly the highly aggressive and drug-resistant types. Alkylating agents, in particular nitrogen-based alkylators, are commonly used to treat hematological and solid malignancies; they exert their antineoplastic effects at all phases of the cell cycle and prevent reproduction of tumor cells. Certain alkylating agents have been designed to be more lipophilic, enabling the compound to penetrate the cell and enhance its alkylating activity against tumors. This review details the evolution of currently available alkylating agents and their profiles, with a focus on nitrogen-based alkylating agents, as important anticancer therapy strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: alkylating agents; alkylators; antineoplastic agents; cytotoxicity; lipophilicity; nitrogen mustard alkylating agents; alkylators; antineoplastic agents; cytotoxicity; lipophilicity; nitrogen mustard
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lehmann, F.; Wennerberg, J. Evolution of Nitrogen-Based Alkylating Anticancer Agents. Processes 2021, 9, 377. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9020377

AMA Style

Lehmann F, Wennerberg J. Evolution of Nitrogen-Based Alkylating Anticancer Agents. Processes. 2021; 9(2):377. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9020377

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lehmann, Fredrik, and Johan Wennerberg. 2021. "Evolution of Nitrogen-Based Alkylating Anticancer Agents" Processes 9, no. 2: 377. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9020377

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