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Review

Solubility Data of Potential Salts in the MgO-CaO-SO2-H2O-O2 System for Process Modeling

Institute of Chemical, Environmental and Bioscience Engineering, TU Wien, Getreidemarkt 9, 1060 Vienna, Austria
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Processes 2021, 9(1), 50; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9010050
Received: 30 November 2020 / Revised: 22 December 2020 / Accepted: 25 December 2020 / Published: 29 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Thermodynamics: Modeling and Simulation)
This review studies unwanted precipitation reactions, which can occur in SO2 absorption processes using a magnesium hydroxide slurry. Solubility data of potential salts in the MgO-CaO-SO2-H2O system are evaluated. The reviewed data can serve as a reliable basis for process modeling of this system used to support the optimization of the SO2 absorption process. This study includes the solubility data of MgSO3, MgSO4, Mg(OH)2, CaSO3, CaSO4, and Ca(OH)2 as potential salts. The solubility is strongly dependent on the state of the precipitated salts. Therefore, this review includes studies on the stability of different forms of the salts under different conditions. The solubility data in water over temperature serve as a base for modeling the precipitation in such system. Furthermore, influencing factors such as pH value, SO2 content and the co-existence of other salts are included and available data on such dependencies are reviewed. Literature data evaluated by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) are revisited and additional and newer studies are supplemented to obtain a solid base of accurate experimental values. For temperatures higher than 100 °C the available data are scarce. For a temperature range from 0 to 100 °C, the reviewed investigations and data provide a good base to evaluate and adapt process models for processes in order to map precipitations issues accurately. View Full-Text
Keywords: solid-liquid phase equilibria; precipitation; SO2 absorption; magnesium hydroxide slurry; sulfates; sulfites; hydroxides solid-liquid phase equilibria; precipitation; SO2 absorption; magnesium hydroxide slurry; sulfates; sulfites; hydroxides
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MDPI and ACS Style

Weiß, B.D.; Harasek, M. Solubility Data of Potential Salts in the MgO-CaO-SO2-H2O-O2 System for Process Modeling. Processes 2021, 9, 50. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9010050

AMA Style

Weiß BD, Harasek M. Solubility Data of Potential Salts in the MgO-CaO-SO2-H2O-O2 System for Process Modeling. Processes. 2021; 9(1):50. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9010050

Chicago/Turabian Style

Weiß, Barbara D., and Michael Harasek. 2021. "Solubility Data of Potential Salts in the MgO-CaO-SO2-H2O-O2 System for Process Modeling" Processes 9, no. 1: 50. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr9010050

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