Next Article in Journal
Lipid Production by Yeasts Growing on Commercial Xylose in Submerged Cultures with Process Water Being Partially Replaced by Olive Mill Wastewaters
Next Article in Special Issue
Digital Twin for Extraction Process Design and Operation
Previous Article in Journal
A Green RP-HPTLC-Densitometry Method for the Determination of Diosmin in Pharmaceutical Formulations
Previous Article in Special Issue
Distinct and Quantitative Validation for Predictive Process Modelling in Steam Distillation of Caraway Fruits and Lavender Flower Following a Quality-By-Design (QbD) Approach
Article

Technical Potential for Energy and GWP Reduction in Chemical–Pharmaceutical Industry in Germany and EU—Focused on Biologics and Botanicals Manufacturing

Institute for Separation and Process Technology, Clausthal University of Technology, Leibnizstr. 15, D-38678 Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2020, 8(7), 818; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr8070818
Received: 5 June 2020 / Revised: 29 June 2020 / Accepted: 8 July 2020 / Published: 11 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Processes Accelerating Biologics Manufacturing by Modelling)
European policy demands climate neutrality by the year 2050. Therefore, any manufacturing optimization needs to be achieved in the well-known pareto of global warming potential (GWP) reduction combined with cost of goods (COG) reduction at increasing product amounts, while still being able to compete in the world market. The chemical–pharmaceutical industry is one of the most energy-intensive industries. The pharmaceutical industry operates with low batch sizes, but high margins. This study analyzes, based on the literature and Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Energie (BMWi; English: Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy)-funded project results, the technical potentials for energy and GWP reduction, while focusing on biologics and botanicals, because those are already widely based on natural raw material resources. The potential impact for green technologies is pointed out in relation to climate-neutral manufacturing. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy change; global warming potential; green technologies; chemical–pharmaceutical industries; biologics; natural drugs energy change; global warming potential; green technologies; chemical–pharmaceutical industries; biologics; natural drugs
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Schmidt, A.; Uhlenbrock, L.; Strube, J. Technical Potential for Energy and GWP Reduction in Chemical–Pharmaceutical Industry in Germany and EU—Focused on Biologics and Botanicals Manufacturing. Processes 2020, 8, 818. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr8070818

AMA Style

Schmidt A, Uhlenbrock L, Strube J. Technical Potential for Energy and GWP Reduction in Chemical–Pharmaceutical Industry in Germany and EU—Focused on Biologics and Botanicals Manufacturing. Processes. 2020; 8(7):818. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr8070818

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schmidt, Axel, Lukas Uhlenbrock, and Jochen Strube. 2020. "Technical Potential for Energy and GWP Reduction in Chemical–Pharmaceutical Industry in Germany and EU—Focused on Biologics and Botanicals Manufacturing" Processes 8, no. 7: 818. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr8070818

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop