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Open AccessArticle

Performance Evaluation of Elimination of Stagnation of Solar Thermal Systems

Department of Process Technique, Technical University of Košice, 08 001 Prešov, Slovakia
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Processes 2020, 8(5), 621; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr8050621
Received: 24 April 2020 / Revised: 15 May 2020 / Accepted: 20 May 2020 / Published: 22 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Thermal Safety of Chemical Processes)
The study deals with the possibility of elimination of stagnation of thermal systems. The state of stagnation of thermal systems leads to overheating and evaporation of the heat transfer medium, which increases pressure and can lead to damage to the solar thermal system. Stagnation can occur due to a fault and stopping of the circulation pump, which causes the circulation of the heat transfer medium to stop. Another possibility is to achieve thermal saturation in the system, which can be affected by low heat consumption from the system. Elimination of stagnation is possible by various construction designs of collectors or by using other technical means. This study describes an experiment verifying the usability of a thermal collector’s tilting system to eliminate thermal stagnation of the system. The system is fully automatic, and when recording the limit values, ensures that the panel is rotated out of the ideal position, thus reducing the amount of received energy. In this way, the temperature of the medium in the system can be reduced by up to 10% in one hour. In the case of thermal saturation of the system, the solution is the automatic circulation of heat-transfer fluid through the system during the night and the release of thermal energy to the outside. These results suggest that the methods used actively eliminate stagnation of thermal systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermal collector; energy performance; stagnation thermal collector; energy performance; stagnation
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Rimar, M.; Fedak, M.; Vahovsky, J.; Kulikov, A.; Oravec, P.; Kulikova, O.; Smajda, M.; Kana, M. Performance Evaluation of Elimination of Stagnation of Solar Thermal Systems. Processes 2020, 8, 621.

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