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Processes 2019, 7(4), 203; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7040203

Isosteric Heat: Comparative Study between Clausius–Clapeyron, CSK and Adsorption Calorimetry Methods

1
Departamento de Química, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá 11001, Colombia
2
Departamento de Química, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá 111711, Colombia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 March 2019 / Revised: 2 April 2019 / Accepted: 4 April 2019 / Published: 10 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Thermodynamics: Modeling and Simulation)
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Abstract

This work presents the calorimetric study of five adsorbents with different chemical and textural characteristics: MOF-199, MCM-41, SBA-15, activated carbon prepared from corn cob (GACKP) and graphite. These solids were used to establish the differences between isosteric heats evaluated by three different methods: Clausius–Clapeyron (C-C), Chakraborty, Saha and Koyama (CSK) and Adsorption Calorimetry (A-Cal). The textural characterization results show solids that have values of specific surface area between 2271 m2·g−1 for the MOF-199 and 5.2 m2·g−1 for the graphite. According to the results obtained for the isosteric heats for each sample, the magnitude varies depending on the coverage of the adsorbate and the textural characteristics of each adsorbent. Solids with an organized structure have isosteric heat values that are coincident among the three methods. Meanwhile, heterogeneous solids such as activated carbon values evaluated by the CKS and C-C have a high dispersion method regarding the adsorption calorimetry method. The results obtained show that the adsorption calorimetry, being a direct experimental measurement method, presents less dispersed data. At low quantities, the isosteric heat of nitrogen adsorption decreased in the order MOF-199, GACKP, MCM-41, SBA-15 and Graphite. The order for the isosteric heats values was coherent with the surface characteristics of each of the solids, especially with the pore size distribution. Finally, throughout the coverage examined in this work, the isosteric heats for nitrogen adsorption determined by adsorption calorimetry (A-Cal) were larger than the evaluated by C-C and CSK indirect methods of vaporization. According to the results, it is shown that the adsorption calorimetry allows values of the isosteric heats of adsorption with an error of less than 2% to be established and also reveals the complex nature of the heterogeneity or homogeneity of the adsorbent. View Full-Text
Keywords: isosteric heats; adsorption calorimetry; CKS isosteric; Clausius–Clapeyron isosteric heats; adsorption calorimetry; CKS isosteric; Clausius–Clapeyron
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Giraldo, L.; Rodriguez-Estupiñán, P.; Moreno-Piraján, J.C. Isosteric Heat: Comparative Study between Clausius–Clapeyron, CSK and Adsorption Calorimetry Methods. Processes 2019, 7, 203.

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