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Processes 2019, 7(4), 196; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7040196

Assessment of Wind Energy Potential for the Production of Renewable Hydrogen in Sindh Province of Pakistan

1
College of Economics and Management, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China
2
Department of Economics, Ghazi University, Dera Ghazi Khan, Pakistan
3
School of Business Administration, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Shaheed Benazirabad, Pakistan
4
School of Information science and Technology, Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao 066004, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 January 2019 / Revised: 22 March 2019 / Accepted: 26 March 2019 / Published: 4 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy, Economic and Environment for Industrial Production Processes)
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Abstract

In this study, we developed a new hybrid mathematical model that combines wind-speed range with the log law to derive the wind energy potential for wind-generated hydrogen production in Pakistan. In addition, we electrolyzed wind-generated power in order to assess the generation capacity of wind-generated renewable hydrogen. The advantage of the Weibull model is that it more accurately reflects power generation potential (i.e., the capacity factor). When applied to selected sites, we have found commercially viable hydrogen production capacity in all locations. All sites considered had the potential to produce an excess amount of wind-generated renewable hydrogen. If the total national capacity of wind-generated was used, Pakistan could conceivably produce 51,917,000.39 kg per day of renewable hydrogen. Based on our results, we suggest that cars and other forms of transport could be fueled with hydrogen to conserve oil and gas resources, which can reduce the energy shortfall and contribute to the fight against climate change and global warming. Also, hydrogen could be used to supplement urban energy needs (e.g., for Sindh province Pakistan), again reducing energy shortage effects and supporting green city programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: mathematical programming; wind power; renewable energy; renewable hydrogen mathematical programming; wind power; renewable energy; renewable hydrogen
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Iqbal, W.; Yumei, H.; Abbas, Q.; Hafeez, M.; Mohsin, M.; Fatima, A.; Jamali, M.A.; Jamali, M.; Siyal, A.; Sohail, N. Assessment of Wind Energy Potential for the Production of Renewable Hydrogen in Sindh Province of Pakistan. Processes 2019, 7, 196.

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