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Processes 2019, 7(2), 93; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7020093

Cogeneration Process Technical Viability for an Apartment Building: Case Study in Mexico

1
Centro de Innovación en Ingeniería Aplicada (CIIA), Departamento de Computación e Industrias, Universidad Catolica del Maule (UCM), 3460000 Talca, Chile
2
Departamento de Sistemas Energéticos, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM), Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 México, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 December 2018 / Revised: 5 February 2019 / Accepted: 7 February 2019 / Published: 13 February 2019
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Abstract

The objective of this paper is to evaluate and to simulate the cogeneration process applied to an apartment building in the Polanco area (Mexico). Considering the building’s electric, thermal demand and consumption data, the cogeneration process model was simulated using Thermoflow© software (Thermoflow Inc., Jacksonville, FL, USA), in order to cover 1.1 MW of electric demand and to supply the thermal needs of hot water, heating, air conditioning and heating pool. As a result of analyzing various schemes of cogeneration, the most efficient scheme consists of the use of a gas turbine (Siemens model SGT-100-1S), achieving a cycle with efficiency of 84.4% and a heat rate of 14,901 kJ/kWh. The economic results of this evaluation show that it is possible to implement the cogeneration in the building with a natural gas price below US$0.014/kWh. The use of financing schemes makes the economic results more attractive. Furthermore, the percentage of the turbine load effect on the turbine load net power, cogeneration efficiency, chimney flue gas temperature, CO2 emission, net heat ratio, turbine fuel flow and after burner fuel flow was also studied. View Full-Text
Keywords: cogeneration; technical viability; apartment building cogeneration; technical viability; apartment building
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Valdés, H.; Leon, G. Cogeneration Process Technical Viability for an Apartment Building: Case Study in Mexico. Processes 2019, 7, 93.

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