Energy-Efficient Train Driving Strategy with Considering the Steep Downhill Segment
AbstractImplementation of energy-efficient train driving strategy is an effective method to save train traction energy consumption, which has attracted much attention from both researchers and practitioners in recent years. Reducing the unnecessary braking during the journey and increasing the coasting distance are efficient to save energy in urban rail transit systems. In the steep downhill segment, the train speed will continue to increase without applying traction due to the ramp force. A high initial speed before stepping into the steep downhill segment will bring partial braking to prevent trains from overspeeding. Optimization of the driving strategy of urban rail trains can avoid the partial braking such that the potential energy is efficiently used and the traction energy is reduced. This paper presents an energy-efficient driving strategy optimization model for the segment with the steep downhill slopes. A numerical method is proposed to calculate the corresponding energy-efficient driving strategy of trains. Specifically, the steep downhill segment in the line is identified firstly for a given line and the solution space with different scenarios is analyzed. With the given cruising speed, a primary driving strategy is obtained, based on which the local driving strategy in the steep slope segment is optimized by replacing the cruising regime with coasting regime. Then, the adaptive gradient descent method is adopted to solve the optimal cruising speed corresponding to the minimum traction energy consumption of the train. Some case studies were conducted and the effectiveness of the algorithm was verified by comparing the energy-saving performance with the classical energy-efficient driving strategy of “Maximum traction–Cruising–Coasting–Maximum braking”. View Full-Text
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Liu, W.; Tang, T.; Su, S.; Yin, J.; Cao, Y.; Wang, C. Energy-Efficient Train Driving Strategy with Considering the Steep Downhill Segment. Processes 2019, 7, 77.
Liu W, Tang T, Su S, Yin J, Cao Y, Wang C. Energy-Efficient Train Driving Strategy with Considering the Steep Downhill Segment. Processes. 2019; 7(2):77.Chicago/Turabian Style
Liu, Wentao; Tang, Tao; Su, Shuai; Yin, Jiateng; Cao, Yuan; Wang, Cheng. 2019. "Energy-Efficient Train Driving Strategy with Considering the Steep Downhill Segment." Processes 7, no. 2: 77.
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