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Article

Evaluating Production Process Efficiency of Provincial Greenhouse Vegetables in China Using Data Envelopment Analysis: A Green and Sustainable Perspective

1
College of Economics and Management, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
2
College of Information Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
3
General Education Center, Tokai University, Kumamoto 862-8652, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2019, 7(11), 780; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7110780
Received: 25 September 2019 / Revised: 15 October 2019 / Accepted: 17 October 2019 / Published: 1 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Green Technologies for Production Processes)
The evaluation of vegetable production process efficiency is of great significance for energy saving and waste reduction in production processes. However, few studies have considered the effect of greenhouse vegetable production process efficiency on energy saving and waste reduction. In this paper, data envelopment analysis (DEA) is used to analyze the production process efficiency and the effective use of input elements of greenhouse vegetables at the provincial level in China. The results reveal that many chemical fertilizers, farmyard manure, and pesticides in China are inefficient. On the other hand, the pure technical efficiency of greenhouse tomatoes and cucumbers is low in most areas of China. Meanwhile, the scale efficiency of greenhouse eggplants and greenhouse peppers is low in most areas of China. In order to save energy and develop green sustainable agriculture, we put forward some suggestions to improve the production efficiency of greenhouse vegetables in different provinces. View Full-Text
Keywords: production process; efficiency evaluation; greenhouse vegetables; data envelopment analysis; sustainability production process; efficiency evaluation; greenhouse vegetables; data envelopment analysis; sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liang, Y.; Jing, X.; Wang, Y.; Shi, Y.; Ruan, J. Evaluating Production Process Efficiency of Provincial Greenhouse Vegetables in China Using Data Envelopment Analysis: A Green and Sustainable Perspective. Processes 2019, 7, 780. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7110780

AMA Style

Liang Y, Jing X, Wang Y, Shi Y, Ruan J. Evaluating Production Process Efficiency of Provincial Greenhouse Vegetables in China Using Data Envelopment Analysis: A Green and Sustainable Perspective. Processes. 2019; 7(11):780. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7110780

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liang, Yuhu, Xu Jing, Yanan Wang, Yan Shi, and Junhu Ruan. 2019. "Evaluating Production Process Efficiency of Provincial Greenhouse Vegetables in China Using Data Envelopment Analysis: A Green and Sustainable Perspective" Processes 7, no. 11: 780. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7110780

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