Similar-material, composed of different raw materials with different properties, is similar to the physical and mechanical properties of geotechnical media, in which raw material proportioning is an important means to control the performance of similar-material in physical simulation. On this basis, a new fluid–solid coupling similar-material was developed through proportioning tests, in which similar-material is mixed with river sand, calcium carbonate, talc powder, white cement, vaseline, antiwear hydraulic oil. The optimum proportioning test development process was established. First, the proportioning test scheme was designed based on the orthogonal test. Subsequently, test specimens were produced to obtain parameters such as density, compressive strength, tensile strength, and permeability coefficient. Then, by increasing the ingredients of the proportioning, the evolution law of parameters was obtained by range and variance analysis. Finally, four multiple linear regression equations between the parameters and similar-material ingredients were obtained, and the optimum proportioning of ingredients was further determined for different requirements. The results indicate that the selected raw materials and their proportioning method are feasible, and the results were also verified in a coal mine floor water inrush by physical simulation test. The experimental development process of a fluid–solid coupling similar-material can provide a reference for similar-material under different demand conditions.
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