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Article

Statistical Analysis of Circulating Water Quality Parameters under Variable-Frequency Vertical Electromagnetic Fields

by 1,* and 2
1
School of Technology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
2
School of Automation Engineering, Northeast Electric Power University, Jilin 132012, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Processes 2018, 6(10), 182; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr6100182
Received: 7 September 2018 / Revised: 29 September 2018 / Accepted: 1 October 2018 / Published: 2 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wastewater Treatment Processes)
No unified electromagnetic anti-fouling mechanism is currently available. Most research has focused on the effects of structural parameters and water quality parameters on electromagnetic fields; variations in water quality parameters under the influence of electromagnetic fields have not been reported. A variable-frequency vertical electromagnetic field is proposed in this study. Relationships between conductivity, pH value, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, fouling resistance, and magnetic acting time were carefully analyzed using statistical analysis. Results show that the conductivity difference was the most explanatory predictive variable on magnetic acting time in the multiple stepwise regression model. Magnetic acting time has a greater impact on conductivity than pH value and dissolved oxygen. Conductivity is used as an adaptive feedback control parameter for the optimum anti-fouling state. Fouling resistance on the heat-exchanging surface of the magnetic experiment was smaller than that of the contrast experiment. The anti-fouling efficiency in 1 kHz and 5 kHz magnetic and contrast experiments was 91.23% and 46.97%, respectively. Better anti-fouling performance was realized under the influence of low-frequency electromagnetic fields, confirming that physical water treatment is an effective and environmentally friendly method to eliminate heat exchanger fouling. This research serves as a reference for the development of an electromagnetic-adaptive closed-loop water treatment device. View Full-Text
Keywords: fouling; vertical electromagnetic field; water quality parameter; SPSS statistics fouling; vertical electromagnetic field; water quality parameter; SPSS statistics
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MDPI and ACS Style

He, F.; Wang, J. Statistical Analysis of Circulating Water Quality Parameters under Variable-Frequency Vertical Electromagnetic Fields. Processes 2018, 6, 182. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr6100182

AMA Style

He F, Wang J. Statistical Analysis of Circulating Water Quality Parameters under Variable-Frequency Vertical Electromagnetic Fields. Processes. 2018; 6(10):182. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr6100182

Chicago/Turabian Style

He, Fang, and Jianguo Wang. 2018. "Statistical Analysis of Circulating Water Quality Parameters under Variable-Frequency Vertical Electromagnetic Fields" Processes 6, no. 10: 182. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr6100182

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