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Comparison of CO2 Capture Approaches for Fossil-Based Power Generation: Review and Meta-Study

Department of Chemical Engineering, McMaster University, 1280 Main St. W, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L7, Canada
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Processes 2017, 5(3), 44; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr5030044
Received: 15 June 2017 / Revised: 19 July 2017 / Accepted: 28 July 2017 / Published: 14 August 2017
This work is a meta-study of CO2 capture processes for coal and natural gas power generation, including technologies such as post-combustion solvent-based carbon capture, the integrated gasification combined cycle process, oxyfuel combustion, membrane-based carbon capture processes, and solid oxide fuel cells. A literature survey of recent techno-economic studies was conducted, compiling relevant data on costs, efficiencies, and other performance metrics. The data were then converted in a consistent fashion to a common standard (such as a consistent net power output, country of construction, currency, base year of operation, and captured CO2 pressure) such that a meaningful and direct comparison of technologies can be made. The processes were compared against a standard status quo power plant without carbon capture to compute metrics such as cost of CO2 emissions avoided to identify the most promising designs and technologies to use for CO2 emissions abatement. View Full-Text
Keywords: CO2 capture; post-combustion capture; pre-combustion capture; IGCC; oxyfuels; CO2 membrane; solid oxide fuel cells CO2 capture; post-combustion capture; pre-combustion capture; IGCC; oxyfuels; CO2 membrane; solid oxide fuel cells
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Adams II, T.A.; Hoseinzade, L.; Madabhushi, P.B.; Okeke, I.J. Comparison of CO2 Capture Approaches for Fossil-Based Power Generation: Review and Meta-Study. Processes 2017, 5, 44.

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