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Application of Diffusion Models in the Analysis of Financial Markets: Evidence on Exchange Traded Funds in Europe

Faculty of Management and Economics, Gdansk University of Technology, Narutowicza 11/12, 80-233 Gdansk, Poland
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Risks 2020, 8(1), 18; https://doi.org/10.3390/risks8010018
Received: 14 January 2020 / Revised: 7 February 2020 / Accepted: 10 February 2020 / Published: 14 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quantitative Methods in Economics and Finance)
Exchange traded funds (ETFs) are financial innovations that may be considered as a part of the index financial instruments category, together with stock index derivatives. The aim of this paper is to explore the trajectories and formulates predictions regarding the spread of ETFs on the financial markets in six European countries. It demonstrates ETFs’ development trajectories with regard to stock index futures and options that may be considered as their substitutes, e.g., in risk management. In this paper, we use mathematical models of the diffusion of innovation that allow unveiling the evolutionary patterns of turnover of ETFs; the time span of the analysis is 2004–2015, i.e., the period of dynamic changes on the European ETF markets. Such an approach has so far rarely been applied in this field of research. Our findings indicate that the development of ETF markets has been strongest in Italy and France and weaker in the other countries, especially Poland and Hungary. The results highlight significant differences among European countries and prove that diffusion has not taken place in all the cases; there are also considerable differences in the predicted development paths. View Full-Text
Keywords: financial innovations; diffusion; exchange traded funds; stock index futures; stock index options; stock market indexes financial innovations; diffusion; exchange traded funds; stock index futures; stock index options; stock market indexes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marszk, A.; Lechman, E. Application of Diffusion Models in the Analysis of Financial Markets: Evidence on Exchange Traded Funds in Europe. Risks 2020, 8, 18. https://doi.org/10.3390/risks8010018

AMA Style

Marszk A, Lechman E. Application of Diffusion Models in the Analysis of Financial Markets: Evidence on Exchange Traded Funds in Europe. Risks. 2020; 8(1):18. https://doi.org/10.3390/risks8010018

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marszk, Adam; Lechman, Ewa. 2020. "Application of Diffusion Models in the Analysis of Financial Markets: Evidence on Exchange Traded Funds in Europe" Risks 8, no. 1: 18. https://doi.org/10.3390/risks8010018

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