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A Novel Micro Pressurized Liquid Extraction Method for Rapid Sample Preparation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Various Solids

Department of Chemistry, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2N 1N4
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Academic Editor: Christopher Palmer
Chromatography 2015, 2(3), 488-501; https://doi.org/10.3390/chromatography2030488
Received: 8 May 2015 / Revised: 2 July 2015 / Accepted: 24 July 2015 / Published: 3 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microscale Separation and Analysis)
The use of a novel micro pressurized liquid extraction (µPLE) method for the isolation of 16 priority pollutant polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from various solid samples is explored. The technique employs rapid heating in a single static extraction mode to remove analytes in a matter of seconds from 5–10 mg samples using only 125 µL of solvent. For example, results show that 30 s extractions with toluene at 200 °C produce respective PAH recovery ranges of 90%–130% and 88%–114% from samples of soil and smoked chicken. Comparatively, solids containing significant amounts of biochar were more challenging to extract from. For instance, when using a pure biochar sample matrix, recoveries for the 16 PAHs range from only 33%–66% after 60 s of extraction with toluene at 200 °C. Overall, these extraction results agree very well with those reported when using conventional methods on similar samples. Therefore, the findings indicate that µPLE can potentially provide an alternative sample preparation method for PAHs that is both very rapid and requires little solvent. View Full-Text
Keywords: rapid; micro; pressurized; liquid; extraction; PAH rapid; micro; pressurized; liquid; extraction; PAH
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Frantz, J.J.; Alkhateeb, F.L.; Thurbide, K.B. A Novel Micro Pressurized Liquid Extraction Method for Rapid Sample Preparation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Various Solids. Chromatography 2015, 2, 488-501.

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