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Open AccessArticle

The Evaluation of Magnetic Polymethacrylate-based Microspheres Used for Solid Phase DNA Micro-Extraction

1
Faculty of Chemistry, Brno University of Technology, Purkyňova 118, CZ-612 00 Brno, Czech Republic
2
Department of Medical Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacký University Olomouc, Hněvotínská 3, CZ-775 15 Olomouc, Czech Republic
3
Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Institute of Molecular and Translational Medicine, Palacký University Olomouc, Hněvotínská 5, CZ-775 15 Olomouc, Czech Republic
4
Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Heyrovský Sq. 2, CZ-162 06 Prague, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mary Boyce
Chromatography 2015, 2(2), 156-166; https://doi.org/10.3390/chromatography2020156
Received: 21 January 2015 / Revised: 9 March 2015 / Accepted: 12 March 2015 / Published: 2 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solid Phase Micro-Extraction)
Using magnetic particles as a solid-phase extraction system is the most frequently used micro-technique for DNA isolation. Particles with a complete covering of magnetic cores by a polymer are hence preferred. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used for the evaluation of the polymer coating efficiency of hydrophilic magnetic poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-glycidyl methacrylate) (P(HEMA-co-GMA)) and poly(glycidyl methacrylate) (PGMA) microspheres with/without carboxyl groups. The inhibition effect of magnetic microspheres was identified by the shift in Cq values (ΔCq) after the addition of different amounts of microspheres to PCR mixtures. With the increase of microsphere concentrations, the shift in Cq values to higher values was usually observed. P(HEMA-co-GMA) microspheres containing carboxyl groups extinguished the fluorescence at concentrations over 2 mg mL−1 in a PCR mixture without any influence on the synthesis of PCR products. No PCR products (inhibition of DNA amplification) were detected in the presence of more than 0.8 mg mL−1 in the PCR mixture of PGMA microspheres. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was used for the determination of the surface morphology of the microspheres. The microspheres were spherical, and their surface was non-porous. View Full-Text
Keywords: magnetic microspheres; quantitative polymerase chain reaction; inhibitory effect; atomic force microscopy magnetic microspheres; quantitative polymerase chain reaction; inhibitory effect; atomic force microscopy
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Trachtová, Š.; Zapletalová, H.; Španová, A.; Horák, D.; Kolářová, H.; Rittich, B. The Evaluation of Magnetic Polymethacrylate-based Microspheres Used for Solid Phase DNA Micro-Extraction. Chromatography 2015, 2, 156-166.

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