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Article

Breastfeeding, Complementary Feeding, Physical Activity, Screen Use, and Hours of Sleep in Children under 2 Years during Lockdown by the COVID-19 Pandemic in Chile

1
Faculty of Medicine, School of Nutrition and Dietetics, Universidad Finis Terrae, Santiago 7501015, Chile
2
Independent Researcher, Santiago 7501015, Chile
3
Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago 8380453, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jose J. Muros Molina
Children 2022, 9(6), 819; https://doi.org/10.3390/children9060819
Received: 28 April 2022 / Revised: 26 May 2022 / Accepted: 30 May 2022 / Published: 1 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Research in Childhood Nutrition)
Infants and children are a risk group in terms of developing healthy habits, an important aspect if we consider that many of them were born during the COVID-19 pandemic. Our objective was to evaluate compliance with lifestyle recommendations proposed at the national and international levels in children aged 0 to 23 months during confinement due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Chile. A cross-sectional study was conducted, and 211 online questionnaires were completed with sociodemographic and lifestyle information of children. Our results show high compliance with the recommendations on breastfeeding intake (78.3% and 69.5% in 0–5-month-old and 6–23-month-old children, respectively); age of starting complementary feeding (87.4%); non-consumption of salt and sugar (80.1%), non-caloric sweeteners (90.7%), and sweet and salty snacks (68.9%); and hours of physical activity (66.8%) and sleep (65.4%). However, we observed low compliance with the recommendations on the age of introduction of dinner (58.0%), eggs (23.0%), legumes (39.2%), and fish (35.1%); low consumption of legumes (43.4%) and fish (20.5%); and low compliance with the recommendations on screen use during meals (59.2%) and daily screen hours (41.2%). In conclusion, feeding behavior, physical activity, use of screens, and hours of sleep in children were altered by confinement during the pandemic, harming the development of healthy lifestyles. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; infants; children; breastfeeding; complementary feeding; lifestyles; obesity COVID-19; infants; children; breastfeeding; complementary feeding; lifestyles; obesity
MDPI and ACS Style

Bustos-Arriagada, E.; Etchegaray-Armijo, K.; Liberona-Ortiz, Á.; Duarte-Silva, L. Breastfeeding, Complementary Feeding, Physical Activity, Screen Use, and Hours of Sleep in Children under 2 Years during Lockdown by the COVID-19 Pandemic in Chile. Children 2022, 9, 819. https://doi.org/10.3390/children9060819

AMA Style

Bustos-Arriagada E, Etchegaray-Armijo K, Liberona-Ortiz Á, Duarte-Silva L. Breastfeeding, Complementary Feeding, Physical Activity, Screen Use, and Hours of Sleep in Children under 2 Years during Lockdown by the COVID-19 Pandemic in Chile. Children. 2022; 9(6):819. https://doi.org/10.3390/children9060819

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bustos-Arriagada, Edson, Karina Etchegaray-Armijo, Ángelo Liberona-Ortiz, and Lissette Duarte-Silva. 2022. "Breastfeeding, Complementary Feeding, Physical Activity, Screen Use, and Hours of Sleep in Children under 2 Years during Lockdown by the COVID-19 Pandemic in Chile" Children 9, no. 6: 819. https://doi.org/10.3390/children9060819

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