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Article

To Mask or Not to Mask—Evaluation of Cognitive Performance in Children Wearing Face Masks during School Lessons (MasKids)

1
University Children′s Hospital, Ruhr-University Bochum, 44791 Bochum, Germany
2
ALA Institute, 44805 Bochum, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
These authors also contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: David E. Mandelbaum
Children 2022, 9(1), 95; https://doi.org/10.3390/children9010095
Received: 1 December 2021 / Revised: 3 January 2022 / Accepted: 5 January 2022 / Published: 11 January 2022
In the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, wearing a face mask is mandatory again during school lessons. There are no controlled studies in children to date indicating an effect on cognitive performance from wearing face masks. In a randomized controlled trial, we analysed the influence of face masks on cognitive performance of pupils during regular school lessons. Pupils (n = 133, fifth to seventh grade) were randomized by alternating allocation into control (with masks, n = 65) and intervention groups (without mask, n = 68). After two school lessons with (control) and without (intervention) face masks in class, all pupils performed digital tests for cognitive performance regarding attention and executive functions (switch, Corsi block-tapping, 2-back and flanker task). Overall, there were no significant differences in cognitive performance between both groups, masks vs. no masks. Wearing face masks has no significant influence on attention and executive functions of pupils and can still be recommended during school lessons. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; face masks; school; cognitive impairment; concentration children; face masks; school; cognitive impairment; concentration
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MDPI and ACS Style

Schlegtendal, A.; Eitner, L.; Falkenstein, M.; Hoffmann, A.; Lücke, T.; Sinningen, K.; Brinkmann, F. To Mask or Not to Mask—Evaluation of Cognitive Performance in Children Wearing Face Masks during School Lessons (MasKids). Children 2022, 9, 95. https://doi.org/10.3390/children9010095

AMA Style

Schlegtendal A, Eitner L, Falkenstein M, Hoffmann A, Lücke T, Sinningen K, Brinkmann F. To Mask or Not to Mask—Evaluation of Cognitive Performance in Children Wearing Face Masks during School Lessons (MasKids). Children. 2022; 9(1):95. https://doi.org/10.3390/children9010095

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schlegtendal, Anne, Lynn Eitner, Michael Falkenstein, Anna Hoffmann, Thomas Lücke, Kathrin Sinningen, and Folke Brinkmann. 2022. "To Mask or Not to Mask—Evaluation of Cognitive Performance in Children Wearing Face Masks during School Lessons (MasKids)" Children 9, no. 1: 95. https://doi.org/10.3390/children9010095

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