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How Do Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Children with Developmental Delays Differ on the Child Behavior Checklist 1.5–5 DSM-Oriented Scales?

1
Department of Psychology, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 807378, Taiwan
2
Department of Educational Psychology & Counseling, National Pingtung University, Pingtung 900391, Taiwan
3
Department of Medical Research, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung 807377, Taiwan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Pietro Muratori and Valentina Levantini
Children 2022, 9(1), 111; https://doi.org/10.3390/children9010111
Received: 6 December 2021 / Revised: 6 January 2022 / Accepted: 12 January 2022 / Published: 14 January 2022
The Child Behavior Checklist 1.5–5 (CBCL 1.5–5) is applied to identify emotional and behavioral problems on children with developmental disabilities (e.g., autism spectrum disorder [ASD] and developmental delays [DD]). To understand whether there are variations between these two groups on CBCL DSM-oriented scales, we took two invariance analyses on 443 children (228 children with ASD). The first analysis used measurement invariance and multiple-group factor analysis on the test structure. The second analysis used item-level analysis, i.e., differential item functioning (DIF), to discover whether group memberships responded differently on some items even though underlying trait levels were the same. It was discovered that, on the test structure, the Anxiety Problems scale did not achieve metric invariance. The other scales achieved metric invariance; DIF analyses further revealed that there were items that functioned differently across subscales. These DIF items were mostly about children’s reactions to the surrounding environment. Our findings provide implications for clinicians to use CBCL DSM-oriented scales on differentiating children with ASD and children with DD. In addition, researchers need to be mindful about how items were responded differently, even though there were no mean differences on the surface. View Full-Text
Keywords: autism; CBCL1.5–5; differential item functioning; measurement invariance autism; CBCL1.5–5; differential item functioning; measurement invariance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cheng, Y.-L.; Chu, C.-L.; Wu, C.-C. How Do Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Children with Developmental Delays Differ on the Child Behavior Checklist 1.5–5 DSM-Oriented Scales? Children 2022, 9, 111. https://doi.org/10.3390/children9010111

AMA Style

Cheng Y-L, Chu C-L, Wu C-C. How Do Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Children with Developmental Delays Differ on the Child Behavior Checklist 1.5–5 DSM-Oriented Scales? Children. 2022; 9(1):111. https://doi.org/10.3390/children9010111

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cheng, Yi-Ling, Ching-Lin Chu, and Chin-Chin Wu. 2022. "How Do Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Children with Developmental Delays Differ on the Child Behavior Checklist 1.5–5 DSM-Oriented Scales?" Children 9, no. 1: 111. https://doi.org/10.3390/children9010111

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