Next Article in Journal
How Do Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Children with Developmental Delays Differ on the Child Behavior Checklist 1.5–5 DSM-Oriented Scales?
Next Article in Special Issue
Do Children and Adolescents with Overweight or Obesity Adhere to the National Food-Based Dietary Guidelines in Greece?
Previous Article in Journal
Spanish Physical Education Teachers’ Perceptions about Their Preparation for Inclusive Education
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effects of After-School Volleyball Program on Body Composition in Overweight Adolescent Girls
 
 
Article

Positive Associations between Body Mass Index and Hematological Parameters, Including RBCs, WBCs, and Platelet Counts, in Korean Children and Adolescents

1
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan 31151, Korea
2
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Ajou University Hospital, Suwon 16499, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Odysseas Androutsos and Antonis Zampelas
Children 2022, 9(1), 109; https://doi.org/10.3390/children9010109
Received: 9 November 2021 / Revised: 5 January 2022 / Accepted: 10 January 2022 / Published: 14 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Body Composition in Children)
We conducted this study to investigate the associations between hematological parameters and obesity in children and adolescents. The levels of hematological parameters (including white blood cells [WBCs], red blood cells [RBCs], hemoglobin [Hb], hematocrit [Hct], and platelets) of 7997 participants (4259 boys and 3738 girls) aged 10–18 years were recorded. The parameters were compared among participants with normal weight, overweight, and obesity. Significantly higher mean levels of WBCs (7.16 vs. 6.16 × 103/mm3, p < 0.001), RBCs (4.90 vs. 4.82 × 106/mm3, p < 0.001), Hb (14.07 vs. 13.99 g/dL, p < 0.05), Hct (42.31 vs. 41.91%, p < 0.001), and platelets (311.87 vs. 282.66 × 103/mm3, p < 0.001) were found in the obese than normal weight group, respectively, after adjusting for body mass index (BMI) and sex. BMI SDS had significant positive associations with the levels of WBCs (β = 0.275, p < 0.001), RBCs (β = 0.028, p < 0.001), Hb (β = 0.034, p < 0.001), Hct (β = 0.152, p < 0.001), and platelets (β = 8.372, p < 0.001) after adjusting for age, sex, and socioeconomic factors in a multiple linear regression analysis. A higher BMI was associated with elevated WBC, RBC, Hb, Hct, and platelet counts in children and adolescents. Because higher levels of hematological parameters are potential risk factors for obesity-related diseases, hematological parameters should be evaluated in obese children and adolescents. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; children; WBC; RBC; platelets obesity; children; WBC; RBC; platelets
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Jeong, H.R.; Lee, H.S.; Shim, Y.S.; Hwang, J.S. Positive Associations between Body Mass Index and Hematological Parameters, Including RBCs, WBCs, and Platelet Counts, in Korean Children and Adolescents. Children 2022, 9, 109. https://doi.org/10.3390/children9010109

AMA Style

Jeong HR, Lee HS, Shim YS, Hwang JS. Positive Associations between Body Mass Index and Hematological Parameters, Including RBCs, WBCs, and Platelet Counts, in Korean Children and Adolescents. Children. 2022; 9(1):109. https://doi.org/10.3390/children9010109

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jeong, Hwal Rim, Hae Sang Lee, Young Suk Shim, and Jin Soon Hwang. 2022. "Positive Associations between Body Mass Index and Hematological Parameters, Including RBCs, WBCs, and Platelet Counts, in Korean Children and Adolescents" Children 9, no. 1: 109. https://doi.org/10.3390/children9010109

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop