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Monitoring Public Perception of Health Risks in Brazil and Italy: Cross-Cultural Research on the Risk Perception of Choking in Children

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Department of Social and Work Psychology, University of Brasília, Brasília 72220-275, Brazil
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School of Medicine and Healthcare Sciences, Catholic University of Brasília, Brasília 72220-275, Brazil
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Unit of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Cardiac Thoracic Vascular Sciences and Public Health, University of Padua, 35131 Padua, Italy
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Prochild ONLUS, 34129 Trieste, Italy
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Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences, University of Torino, 10124 Torino, Italy
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Department of Medical Science, University of Ferrara, 44121 Ferrara, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jason Gilliland
Children 2021, 8(7), 541; https://doi.org/10.3390/children8070541
Received: 15 May 2021 / Revised: 20 June 2021 / Accepted: 22 June 2021 / Published: 24 June 2021
One of the most relevant public health issues among pediatric injuries concerns foreign body (FB) aspiration. The risk perception of choking hazards (CH) and risk perception, in general, are complex multifactorial problems that play a significant role in defining protective behavior. Risk prevention policies should take this aspect into account. A lack of scientific knowledge of FB injury risk perception may be evidenced in Brazil and other newly developed countries. This study aims to characterize the differences and peculiarities in risk perception of CH between Italian and Brazilian populations. The risk perception among adults in Italy and Brazil between September and October 2017 was investigated in a survey. A Multiple Correspondence Analysis was carried out to identify the latent components characterizing the risk perception in Italian and Brazilian population samples. The most relevant dimension characterizing risk perception is the “Professional–educational status and the related perception of Risk” (13% of factorial inertia). The Italians identify batteries and magnets as the most dangerous choking risks (20% of responses). On the other hand, Brazilian people, mainly manual laborers (22%) with secondary or primary education (94%), perceive coins as the most dangerous items (30% of responses, p < 0.001). Socio-economic issues characterize the subjective risk perception of Italian and Brazilian survey respondents. In this framework, data-driven prevention strategies could be helpful to tailor intervention strategies to the cultural context to which they are addressed. View Full-Text
Keywords: (accidental) foreign body injuries/object injuries; hazard-choking; cross-cultural study (accidental) foreign body injuries/object injuries; hazard-choking; cross-cultural study
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hochdorn, A.; Oliveira, A.; Lorenzoni, G.; Francavilla, A.; Baldas, S.; Berchialla, P.; Oliveira, A.; Alves, V.P.; Gregori, D.; Azzolina, D. Monitoring Public Perception of Health Risks in Brazil and Italy: Cross-Cultural Research on the Risk Perception of Choking in Children. Children 2021, 8, 541. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8070541

AMA Style

Hochdorn A, Oliveira A, Lorenzoni G, Francavilla A, Baldas S, Berchialla P, Oliveira A, Alves VP, Gregori D, Azzolina D. Monitoring Public Perception of Health Risks in Brazil and Italy: Cross-Cultural Research on the Risk Perception of Choking in Children. Children. 2021; 8(7):541. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8070541

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hochdorn, Alexander, Alexia Oliveira, Giulia Lorenzoni, Andrea Francavilla, Solidea Baldas, Paola Berchialla, Alessandra Oliveira, Vicente P. Alves, Dario Gregori, and Danila Azzolina. 2021. "Monitoring Public Perception of Health Risks in Brazil and Italy: Cross-Cultural Research on the Risk Perception of Choking in Children" Children 8, no. 7: 541. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8070541

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