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Future Challenges in Research in Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Article

A Novel Tool to Assess Basic Activities of Daily Living in Spanish Preschoolers

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Medical-Surgical Therapeutics Department, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
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Psychology and Anthropology Department, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
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Education Sciences Department, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
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Health, Economy, Motricity and Education Research Group (HEME), Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
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Physiotherapy Department, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Laura Simons
Children 2021, 8(6), 496; https://doi.org/10.3390/children8060496
Received: 12 May 2021 / Revised: 3 June 2021 / Accepted: 8 June 2021 / Published: 10 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Research in Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders)
Background: Basic activities of daily living (BADLs) are those related to self-care. Their performance depends on the development of sensorimotor and cognitive skills, as well as social and environmental aspects. A good performance in BADLs is required for independence and social participation, so they play an important role in early education and early care. We aim to create a tool for BADLs assessment for Spanish preschoolers. Methods: The tool was administered to 303 participants (48.5% boys and 51.5% girls) between three and six years of age. Analyses to find out the factorial structure and internal consistency was carried out. Results: The instrument was composed of 84 items in four scales (eating, personal hygiene, dressing, and daily functioning) with nine factors (oral sensitivity, good manners, manual dexterity, brushing teeth, toilet management, hygiene and grooming, dressing, higher-order and core executive function). Reliability values were from acceptable to preferred (0.74–0.94). Conclusions: The instrument could be useful and shows preliminary good indicators in construct validity and reliability. View Full-Text
Keywords: activities of daily living; executive function; child; evaluation; assessment activities of daily living; executive function; child; evaluation; assessment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barrios-Fernandez, S.; Gozalo, M.; Garcia-Gomez, A.; Carlos-Vivas, J.; Romero-Ayuso, D. A Novel Tool to Assess Basic Activities of Daily Living in Spanish Preschoolers. Children 2021, 8, 496. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8060496

AMA Style

Barrios-Fernandez S, Gozalo M, Garcia-Gomez A, Carlos-Vivas J, Romero-Ayuso D. A Novel Tool to Assess Basic Activities of Daily Living in Spanish Preschoolers. Children. 2021; 8(6):496. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8060496

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barrios-Fernandez, Sabina, Margarita Gozalo, Andres Garcia-Gomez, Jorge Carlos-Vivas, and Dulce Romero-Ayuso. 2021. "A Novel Tool to Assess Basic Activities of Daily Living in Spanish Preschoolers" Children 8, no. 6: 496. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8060496

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