Next Article in Journal
Perceptions of Family-Level Social Factors That Influence Health Behaviors in Latinx Adolescents and Young Adults at High Risk for Type 2 Diabetes
Previous Article in Journal
Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Seasonal Variations in Childhood and Adolescent Growth: Experience of Pediatric Endocrine Clinics
Article

ADHD Symptomatology, Executive Function and Cognitive Performance Differences between Family Foster Care and Control Group in ADHD-Diagnosed Children

1
Department of Psychology, Universidad Loyola Andalucía, Avda. de las Universidades s/n, Dos Hermanas, 41704 Seville, Spain
2
Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Alacant, Ctra. Sant Vicent del Raspeig s/n, San Vicente, 03690 Alacant, Spain
3
Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Seville, C/Camilo José Cela s/n, 41018 Seville, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Cesar A. Soutullo
Children 2021, 8(5), 405; https://doi.org/10.3390/children8050405
Received: 15 April 2021 / Revised: 13 May 2021 / Accepted: 15 May 2021 / Published: 17 May 2021
Children in foster care have a high prevalence of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis, together with other difficulties in inattentive/hyperactive behaviors, executive and cognitive processes. Early exposure to adversity is a risk factor for developing ADHD via neurodevelopmental pathways. The goal of this research is (a) to study the cognitive and executive performance and inattentive/hyperactive behavior of ADHD-diagnosed children living in foster families in Spain, and (b) to analyze the role of placement variables in their performance. The sample was composed of 102 ADHD-diagnosed children aged 6- to 12-years-old, divided into two groups: 59 children living with non-relative foster families and 43 children not involved with protection services. Children’s executive function–inhibition, working memory, flexibility, attention, intellectual capacity, verbal comprehension, perceptive reasoning, working memory and processing speed were assessed using objective testing measures. At the same time, parents and teachers reported on children’s inattentive, hyperactive and impulsive behaviors. Children in foster care obtained lower scores in the general ability index than the control group after controlling the age at assessment. However, no differences were found in executive processes. Regarding placement factors, children with shorter exposure to adversities in their birth families and more time in foster care showed better executive performance. Professionals should consider the placement history of children in foster care and its influence on their symptomatology and cognitive capacities. View Full-Text
Keywords: attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); executive function; intellectual capacity; foster care; placement variables attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); executive function; intellectual capacity; foster care; placement variables
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Peñarrubia, M.; Navarro-Soria, I.; Palacios, J.; Fenollar-Cortés, J. ADHD Symptomatology, Executive Function and Cognitive Performance Differences between Family Foster Care and Control Group in ADHD-Diagnosed Children. Children 2021, 8, 405. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8050405

AMA Style

Peñarrubia M, Navarro-Soria I, Palacios J, Fenollar-Cortés J. ADHD Symptomatology, Executive Function and Cognitive Performance Differences between Family Foster Care and Control Group in ADHD-Diagnosed Children. Children. 2021; 8(5):405. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8050405

Chicago/Turabian Style

Peñarrubia, María, Ignasi Navarro-Soria, Jesús Palacios, and Javier Fenollar-Cortés. 2021. "ADHD Symptomatology, Executive Function and Cognitive Performance Differences between Family Foster Care and Control Group in ADHD-Diagnosed Children" Children 8, no. 5: 405. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8050405

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop