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Article

Cross-Sectional Descriptive Pilot Study on the Risk of Psychotic Disorders among Adolescents

1
Faculty of Medicine, San Joan d’Alacant Campus, Miguel Hernández University, 03550 San Joan d’Alacant, Spain
2
ADOLOR Research Group, Department of Medical-Surgical Therapy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Extremadura University, 06006 Badajoz, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Rachel Neff Greenley
Children 2021, 8(10), 916; https://doi.org/10.3390/children8100916
Received: 11 August 2021 / Revised: 16 September 2021 / Accepted: 12 October 2021 / Published: 14 October 2021
Background: Adolescence is a key stage for the development of different mental disorders, particularly psychotic disorders. This stage of life is accompanied by new habits or behaviours that can make a person more vulnerable to developing a psychotic disorder or, on the contrary, play a protective role. Objective: To study the vulnerability to developing a psychotic disorder in adolescents and to analyse the main risk factors. Materials and methods: This is an observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study. The data collection was conducted using the Prodromal Questionnaire Brief Version (PQ-B) test and a self-developed questionnaire based on the vulnerability–stress model. Results: Of the total sample (n = 44), 65.9% were male and 100% lived in a rural environment. In general, among risk factors (stress, alcohol and cannabis consumption, history, bullying, traumatic event and sedentary lifestyle), alcohol consumption and the presence of stress were found to have high values. Furthermore, a risk of psychosis was found in 38.6% of the studied population. Of this percentage of adolescents at risk, 64.7% consumed alcohol (p = 0.99) and 82.4% suffered from stress (p = 0.7161). The protective factor (physical activity) was found in more than half (59% p = 0.16). Conclusions: There is a high risk of psychosis among the young adolescents assessed in this study, where the explanatory factors identified with higher values were alcohol consumption and the presence of stress. View Full-Text
Keywords: psychotic disorder; adolescence; risk factors; early intervention; occupational therapy psychotic disorder; adolescence; risk factors; early intervention; occupational therapy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cendrero-Luengo, C.; Jiménez-Palomares, M.; Rodríguez-Mansilla, J.; Garrido-Ardila, E.M. Cross-Sectional Descriptive Pilot Study on the Risk of Psychotic Disorders among Adolescents. Children 2021, 8, 916. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8100916

AMA Style

Cendrero-Luengo C, Jiménez-Palomares M, Rodríguez-Mansilla J, Garrido-Ardila EM. Cross-Sectional Descriptive Pilot Study on the Risk of Psychotic Disorders among Adolescents. Children. 2021; 8(10):916. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8100916

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cendrero-Luengo, Carmen, María Jiménez-Palomares, Juan Rodríguez-Mansilla, and Elisa M. Garrido-Ardila. 2021. "Cross-Sectional Descriptive Pilot Study on the Risk of Psychotic Disorders among Adolescents" Children 8, no. 10: 916. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8100916

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